Nanometer scale composition variations in Ge quantum dots on Si(100)

Yangting Zhang, Margaret Floyd, Jeffery Drucker, Peter Crozier, David Smith, K. P. Driver

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) was used to measure nm-scale composition variations in Ge/Si(100) islands grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) at substrate temperatures 400°C ≤ T ≤ 700°C and a growth rate of 1.4 ML/min (1 monolayer, ML=6.78×10 14 atoms/cm 2). These measurements were correlated with island ensemble morphology determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The average Si concentration of the islands and Si/Ge interface width increased monotonically with growth temperature. Integrated island volumes measured by AFM were proportional to the equivalent Ge coverage, θ Ge, with slopes greater than one for the higher deposition temperatures. This result confirms that the islands grow faster than the Ge deposition rate. Linear behavior of the island volume vs. θ Ge curves implies that the average Ge composition is independent of island size. The volume at which islands change shape from pyramids to domes correlates well with the average Ge content of the islands in the context of simple strain-scaling arguments. For T=700°C, rapid Si interdiffusion precludes formation of pure Ge pyramids for growth at 1.4 ML/min. Growth at 4.8 ML/min kinetically stabilizes pure Ge pyramid clusters, allowing their formation prior to Si interdiffusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
EditorsJ.M. Plitzko, G. Duscher, Y. Zhu, H. Ichinose
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2002
EventNanostructured Interfaces - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 2 2002Apr 4 2002


OtherNanostructured Interfaces
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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