Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells: A review

K. Vignarooban, J. Lin, A. Arvay, S. Kolli, I. Kruusenberg, K. Tammeveski, L. Munukutla, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low temperature fuel cells are an attractive technology for transportation and residential applications due to their quick start up and shut down capabilities. This review analyzed the current status of nanocatalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells and alkaline membrane fuel cells. The preparation process influences the performance of the nanocatalyst. Several synthesis methods are covered for noble and non-noble metal catalysts on various catalyst supports including carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanowires, and graphenes. Ex situ and in situ characterization methods like scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and fuel cell testing of the nanocatalysts on various supports for both proton exchange and alkaline membrane fuel cells are discussed. The accelerated durability estimate of the nanocatalysts, predicted by measuring changes in the electrochemically active surface area using a voltage cycling method, is considered one of the most reliable and valuable method for establishing durability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-472
Number of pages15
JournalCuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2015

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Electrocatalysts
Fuel cells
Durability
Membranes
Temperature
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanofibers
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Catalyst supports
Nanowires
Protons
Carbon nanotubes
Ion exchange
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Metals
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
Catalysts
Testing
Electric potential

Keywords

  • Catalyst support material
  • Low temperature fuel cells
  • Nanocatalyst
  • Synthesis method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells : A review. / Vignarooban, K.; Lin, J.; Arvay, A.; Kolli, S.; Kruusenberg, I.; Tammeveski, K.; Munukutla, L.; Mada Kannan, Arunachala.

In: Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 36, No. 4, 20.04.2015, p. 458-472.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vignarooban, K, Lin, J, Arvay, A, Kolli, S, Kruusenberg, I, Tammeveski, K, Munukutla, L & Mada Kannan, A 2015, 'Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells: A review', Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 458-472. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(14)60175-3
Vignarooban K, Lin J, Arvay A, Kolli S, Kruusenberg I, Tammeveski K et al. Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells: A review. Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 2015 Apr 20;36(4):458-472. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(14)60175-3
Vignarooban, K. ; Lin, J. ; Arvay, A. ; Kolli, S. ; Kruusenberg, I. ; Tammeveski, K. ; Munukutla, L. ; Mada Kannan, Arunachala. / Nano-electrocatalyst materials for low temperature fuel cells : A review. In: Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 2015 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 458-472.
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