Nano- and bulk-tack adhesive properties of stimuli-responsive, fullerene-polymer blends, containing polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene rubber-based adhesives

J. Paige Phillips, Xiao Deng, Ryan R. Stephen, Erin L. Fortenberry, Meredith L. Todd, D. Michelle McClusky, Steven Stevenson, Rahul Misra, Sarah Morgan, Timothy E. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nano-tack (measured using AFM) and bulk-tack adhesive forces of blends of C60 and either polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene (SBS) or polystyrene-block-polyisoprene-block-polystyrene (SIS) triblock copolymer pressure sensitive adhesives were measured after exposure to white light irradiation. The nano-tack adhesive forces in C60-SIS/SBS were found to decrease with increasing C60 concentration and exposure time, approaching the value for 100% polystyrene, providing an indication that significant surface hardening and crosslinking of the soft isoprene and butadiene phases occurs in the presence of C60. Films produced during the study were smooth, having low RMS surface roughness, and showed nanoscale phase separation between the soft (diene) and hard (styrene) segments. This phase separation disappeared after addition of C60 sensitizer and white light irradiation. Bulk adhesive measurements (tack and peel strength) showed a similar trend with C60 concentration and exposure time, and in irradiated systems containing as little as 0.2 wt% C60, a significant decrease in adhesion was observed. Estimated Tg (measured using DMA, shear mode) of the soft-block shifts to higher temperatures (increasing by 30-40 °C), and high gel fractions were obtained, indicating the presence of chemically crosslinked networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6773-6781
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer
Volume48
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fullerene
  • Photochemistry
  • Pressure sensitive adhesive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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