Mutualism in ecosystems of innovation and entrepreneurship: A bidirectional perspective on universities’ linkages

Paola Rücker Schaeffer, Maribel Guerrero, Bruno Brandão Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The accumulation of knowledge that explains universities’ contributions to innovation and entrepreneurship's regional eco-systems has mainly adopted a perspective based on technology transfer processes from academia to markets. Alternatively, in this study, we assume the notion of mutualism, based on the biomimetic rationale of eco-system studies that involve bidirectional flows of resources and capabilities to generate interactions and value co-creation among agents. This study theorizes about the interrelation between universities and eco-system actors in two directions: (a) universities fostering and improving eco-systems through their core activities; and (b) eco-system actors shaping capabilities and access to resources for universities. Based on the analysis of five eco-systems in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, our results underscore the existence of mutualism in the relationships established between universities and eco-system agents. The findings also highlighted implications related to the coordination of policies and the need for strategic management practices in mutualistic interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-197
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business Research
Volume134
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Bidirectional relationships
  • Emerging Countries
  • Entrepreneurial Universities
  • Entrepreneurship Ecosystems
  • Innovation Ecosystems
  • University-Industry Collaboration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing

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