Multispectral microimager for astrobiology

R. Glenn Sellar, Jack Farmer, Andrew Kieta, Julie Huang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A primary goal of the astrobiology program is the search for fossil records. The astrobiology exploration strategy calls for the location and return of samples indicative of environments conducive to life, and that best capture and preserve biomarkers. Successfully returning samples from environments conducive to life requires two primary capabilities: (1) in situ mapping of the mineralogy in order to determine whether the desired minerals are present; and (2) nondestructive screening of samples for additional in-situ testing and/or selection for return to laboratories for more in-depth examination. Two of the most powerful identification techniques are micro-imaging and visible/infrared spectroscopy. The design and test results are presented from a compact rugged instrument that combines micro-imaging and spectroscopic capability to provide in-situ analysis, mapping, and sample screening capabilities. Accurate reflectance spectra should be a measure of reflectance as a function of wavelength only. Other compact multispectral microimagers use separate LEDs (light-emitting diodes) for each wavelength and therefore vary the angles of illumination when changing wavelengths. When observing a specularly-reflecting sample, this produces grossly inaccurate spectra due to the variation in the angle of illumination. An advanced design and test results are presented for a multispectral microimager which demonstrates two key advances relative to previous LED-based microimagers: (i) acquisition of actual reflectance spectra in which the flux is a function of wavelength only, rather than a function of both wavelength and illumination geometry; and (ii) increase in the number of spectral bands to eight bands covering a spectral range of 468 to 975 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInstruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2006
EventInstruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 14 2006Aug 15 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6309
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherInstruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/14/068/15/06

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Astrobiology
  • Microimager
  • Multispectral imager

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Sellar, R. G., Farmer, J., Kieta, A., & Huang, J. (2006). Multispectral microimager for astrobiology. In Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology IX [63090E] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6309). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.682272