Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Wax deposition has a significant effect on petroleum pipelines. It severely reduces flow rate and can even cause total blockage if not maintained periodically. There are various techniques for wax removal that involve thermal, chemical or mechanical processes. In order to improve these techniques and designs, a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of wax deposition and aging is essential. In this paper, we use a channel configuration to depict a slice of pipeline flow in the flow direction with height extended from the wall to the free flow of the pipe. Due to a large range of length scales in the wax deposition process, a multiscale strategy is applied to build a consistent model including mesoscale and microscale. On the mesoscale, we simulate the growth of the porous wax structure in detail, by using the semi-implicit incompressible flow solver NGA coupled to the refined level set grid solver LIT to describe the complex evolution of the petroleum/wax phase interface. On the microscale, we model individual wax crystals in the liquid petroleum using a Lagrangian point particle approach that includes growth of the wax crystals by condensation. Coupling from the micro to the mesoscale is achieved by incorporating the appropriate source terms in the mesoscale flow solver and transferring wax crystals larger than a threshold size from the La-grangian description to the interface geometry resolved description of the level set solver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM
Volume1 C
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
EventASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2013 - Incline Village, NV, United States
Duration: Jul 7 2013Jul 11 2013

Other

OtherASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2013
CountryUnited States
CityIncline Village, NV
Period7/7/137/11/13

Fingerprint

Petroleum pipelines
Pipe flow
Waxes
Crystals
Crude oil
Phase interfaces
Incompressible flow
Condensation
Aging of materials
Pipe
Flow rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Gale, Y., Herrmann, M., & Chen, K. (2013). Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM (Vol. 1 C) https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2013-16234

Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows. / Gale, Yajing; Herrmann, Marcus; Chen, Kangping.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM. Vol. 1 C 2013.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Gale, Y, Herrmann, M & Chen, K 2013, Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows. in American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM. vol. 1 C, ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM 2013, Incline Village, NV, United States, 7/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2013-16234
Gale Y, Herrmann M, Chen K. Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM. Vol. 1 C. 2013 https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2013-16234
Gale, Yajing ; Herrmann, Marcus ; Chen, Kangping. / Multiscale simulations of wax deposition processes in petroleum pipeline flows. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM. Vol. 1 C 2013.
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