Multiscale Dynamics of Aseismic Slip on Central San Andreas Fault

M. Khoshmanesh, Manoochehr Shirzaei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the evolution of aseismic slip enables constraining the fault's seismic budget and provides insight into dynamics of creep. Inverting the time series of surface deformation measured along the Central San Andreas Fault obtained from interferometric synthetic aperture radar in combination with measurements of repeating earthquakes, we constrain the spatiotemporal distribution of creep during 1992-2010. We identify a new class of intermediate-term creep rate variations that evolve over decadal scale, releasing stress on the accelerating zone and loading adjacent decelerating patches. We further show that in short-term (<2 year period), creep avalanches, that is, isolated clusters of accelerated aseismic slip with velocities exceeding the long-term rate, govern the dynamics of creep. The statistical properties of these avalanches suggest existence of elevated pore pressure in the fault zone, consistent with laboratory experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

San Andreas Fault
avalanches
creep
slip
releasing
synthetic aperture radar
budgets
avalanche
earthquakes
porosity
pore pressure
fault zone
time series
earthquake

Keywords

  • Creep avalanches
  • Creep dynamics
  • InSAR
  • Kinematic modeling
  • Repeating earthquakes
  • Slow slip events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Multiscale Dynamics of Aseismic Slip on Central San Andreas Fault. / Khoshmanesh, M.; Shirzaei, Manoochehr.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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