Multiple jeopardy: Risk and protective factors among addicted mothers' offspring

Suniya S. Luthar, Gretta Cushing, Kathleen R. Merikangas, Bruce J. Rounsaville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives of this study were to ascertain risk and protective factors in the adjustment of 78 school-age and teenage offspring of opioid- and cocaine-abusing mothers. Using a multimethod, multiinformant approach, child outcomes were operationalized via lifetime psychiatric diagnoses and everyday social competence (each based on both mother and child reports), and dimensional assessments of symptoms (mother report). Risk/protective factors examined included the child sociodemographic attributes of gender, age, and ethnicity, aspects of maternal psychopathology, and both mother's and children's cognitive functioning. Results revealed that greater child maladjustment was linked with increasing age, Caucasian (as opposed to African American) ethnicity, severity of maternal psychiatric disturbance, higher maternal cognitive abilities (among African Americans) and lower child cognitive abilities (among Caucasians). Limitations of the study are discussed, as are implications of findings for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-136
Number of pages20
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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