Multiphoton excitation of fluorescent DNA base analogs

Evaldas Katilius, Neal Woodbury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Multiphoton excitation was used to investigate properties of the fluorescent DNA base analogs, 2-aminopurine (2AP) and 6-methylisoxanthopterin (6MI). 2-aminopurine, a fluorescent analog of adenine, was excited by three-photon absorption. Fluorescence correlation measurements were attempted to evaluate the feasibility of using three-photon excitation of 2AP for DNA-protein interaction studies. However, high excitation power and long integration times needed to acquire high signal-to-noise fluorescence correlation curves render three-photon excitation FCS of 2AP not very useful for studying DNA base dynamics. The fluorescence properties of 6- methylisoxanthopterin, a guanine analog, were investigated using two-photon excitation. The two-photon absorption cross-section of 6MI was estimated to be about 2.5 ×10-50 cm4s (2.5 GM units) at 700 nm. The two-photon excitation spectrum was measured in the spectral region from 700 to 780 nm; in this region the shape of the two-photon excitation spectrum is very similar to the shape of singlephoton excitation spectrum in the near-UV spectral region. Twophoton excitation of 6MI is suitable for fluorescence correlation measurements. Such measurements can be used to study DNA base dynamics and DNA-protein interactions over a broad range of time scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044004
JournalJournal of biomedical optics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • 2-aminopurine
  • 6-methylisoxanthopterin
  • Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
  • Fluorescent DNA base analogs
  • Multiphoton excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering


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