A multidimensional, batch high-throughput screening (MD-HTS) protocol was developed to investigate the effects of various parameters on the selectivity of ion-exchange protein displacement systems. A variety of molecules were screened, and the results were employed to provided insights into the influence of displacer chemistry and concentration, resin chemistry, and mobile-phase salt counterion on the efficacy and selectivity of these nonlinear chromatographic systems. These results open up the possibility of tailoring the selectivity of displacement separations by choosing appropriate combinations of operating conditions using the MD-HTS technique. The screens were also employed for the identification of displacers and conditions for the separation of a challenging protein mixture by selective displacement chromatography. Column displacements were carried out with potential lead compounds identified from the MD-HTS screens, and the results confirmed that selective displacement could indeed be achieved for this model mixture. Furthermore, the results indicated that this approach is particularly useful when the order of elution is not changed, but the inherent selectivity is increased in the presence of the displacer. The results presented in this paper demonstrate the utility of the MD-HTS technique for rapid method development in protein ion-exchange displacement chromatography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry