Multicolor structured illumination microscopy and quantitative control of polychromatic light with a digital micromirror device

Peter T. Brown, Rory Kruithoff, Gregory J. Seedorf, Douglas P. Shepherd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Linear structured illumination microscopy (SIM) is a super-resolution microscopy technique that does not impose photophysics requirements on fluorescent samples. Multicolor SIM implementations typically rely on liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS) spatial light modulators (SLM’s) for patterning the excitation light, but digital micromirror devices (DMD’s) are a promising alternative, owing to their lower cost and higher speed. However, existing coherent DMD SIM implementations use only a single wavelength of light, limited by the lack of efficient approaches for solving the blazed grating effect for polychromatic light. We develop the requisite quantitative tools, including a closed form solution of the blaze and diffraction conditions, forward models of DMD diffraction and pattern projection, and a model of DMD aberrations. Based on these advances, we constructed a three-color DMD microscope, quantified the effect of aberrations from the DMD, developed a high-resolution optical transfer function measurement technique, and demonstrated SIM on fixed and live cells. This opens the door to applying DMD’s in polychromatic applications previously restricted to LCoS SLM’s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3700-3716
Number of pages17
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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