We present a collaborative team of two under-actuated autonomous surface vessels (ASVs) that performs a cooperative navigation task while satisfying a communication constraint. Our approach is based on the use of a hierarchical control structure where a supervisory module commands each vessel to perform prioritized elementary tasks, a behavior-based controller generates motion directives to achieve the assigned tasks, and a maneuvering controller generates the actuator commands to follow the motion directives. The control technique has been tested in a mission where a set of target locations spread across a planar environment has to be visited once by either of the two ASVs while maintaining a relative separation less than a given maximum distance (to guarantee inter-ASV wireless communication). Experiments were carried out in the field with a team of two ASVs visiting 22 locations on a lake surface (approximately 30000m2) with static obstacles. Results show a 30% improvement in mission time over the single-robot case.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Artificial Intelligence