Motivational predictors of psychometrically-defined schizotypy in a non-clinical sample: Goal process representation, approach-avoid temperament, and aberrant salience

Paul Karoly, Chung Jung Mun, Morris Okun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patterns of problematic volitional control in schizotypal personality disorder pertaining to goal process representation (GPR), approach and avoidance temperament, and aberrant salience have not been widely investigated in emerging adults. The present study aimed to provide preliminary evidence for the utility of examining these three motivational constructs as predictors of high versus low levels of psychometrically-defined schizotypy in a non-clinic sample. When college students with high levels of self-reported schizotypy (n=88) were compared to those with low levels (n=87) by means of logistic regression, aberrant salience, avoidant temperament, and the self-criticism component of GPR together accounted for 51% of the variance in schizotypy group assignment. Higher score on these three motivational dimensions reflected a proclivity toward higher levels of schizotypy. The current findings justify the continued exploration of goal-related constructs as useful motivational elements in psychopathology research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-300
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume226
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2015

Keywords

  • Aberrant salience
  • Goal cognition
  • Motivation
  • Schizotypy
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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