Motivational implications of pain: Chronicity, psychological distress, and work goal construal in a national sample of adults

Paul Karoly, Linda S. Ruehlman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

A heterogeneous national sample of adults (mean age = 40 years) employed in management positions was contacted by random digit dialing procedures and interviewed about current pain experience, work-goal cognitions, and psychological status (depression and anxiety). In accord with predictions, persistent pain experience was differentially related to the construal of work-related goals. Specifically, individuals with both persistent and episodic pain (relative to those with no pain) reported lower levels of goal-centered value, self-efficacy, and positive arousal and heightened perceptions of goal-based self-criticism, negative arousal, and conflict between work and nonwork goals. Furthermore, regression analyses revealed that goal cognition accounted for unique variance in depression and anxiety over and above the contribution of pain chronicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

Keywords

  • Goal systems
  • Motivation
  • Pain
  • Psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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