Motivational factors, school atmosphere, and SES: Determinants of children's probability task performance

Suniya Luthar, Edward Zigler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivational aspects of probability learning performance were examined in 106 third- and fourth-grade children, sampled from three schools. Several measurement modalities were used to assess children's motivational levels. The relationship between probability learning scores and motivational constructs was found to be strongly influenced by socioeconomic status (SES) as well as by school atmosphere Unlike their middle-class counterparts, lower SES children with an internal locus of control made fewer maximizing responses, displaying an unwillingness to settle quickly for lower amounts of reinforcement. Additionally, in the most strict of the three schools, children with high success expectancies made fewer attempts at different patterns of response, reflecting lower tendencies to explore in searching for maximal reinforcement. The effects obtained were interpreted in terms of sociodemographic influences on children's motivational structures, and in terms of possibility varying cannotations of probability learning scores across different subject populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-494
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Task Performance and Analysis
Atmosphere
Probability Learning
Social Class
social status
determinants
reinforcement
school
performance
learning performance
locus of control
schoolchild
Internal-External Control
learning
middle class
Population
Reinforcement (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education

Cite this

Motivational factors, school atmosphere, and SES : Determinants of children's probability task performance. / Luthar, Suniya; Zigler, Edward.

In: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1988, p. 477-494.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c34276dca33a4b05aedd9b75dcff332a,
title = "Motivational factors, school atmosphere, and SES: Determinants of children's probability task performance",
abstract = "Motivational aspects of probability learning performance were examined in 106 third- and fourth-grade children, sampled from three schools. Several measurement modalities were used to assess children's motivational levels. The relationship between probability learning scores and motivational constructs was found to be strongly influenced by socioeconomic status (SES) as well as by school atmosphere Unlike their middle-class counterparts, lower SES children with an internal locus of control made fewer maximizing responses, displaying an unwillingness to settle quickly for lower amounts of reinforcement. Additionally, in the most strict of the three schools, children with high success expectancies made fewer attempts at different patterns of response, reflecting lower tendencies to explore in searching for maximal reinforcement. The effects obtained were interpreted in terms of sociodemographic influences on children's motivational structures, and in terms of possibility varying cannotations of probability learning scores across different subject populations.",
author = "Suniya Luthar and Edward Zigler",
year = "1988",
doi = "10.1016/0193-3973(88)90013-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "477--494",
journal = "Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0193-3973",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Motivational factors, school atmosphere, and SES

T2 - Determinants of children's probability task performance

AU - Luthar, Suniya

AU - Zigler, Edward

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - Motivational aspects of probability learning performance were examined in 106 third- and fourth-grade children, sampled from three schools. Several measurement modalities were used to assess children's motivational levels. The relationship between probability learning scores and motivational constructs was found to be strongly influenced by socioeconomic status (SES) as well as by school atmosphere Unlike their middle-class counterparts, lower SES children with an internal locus of control made fewer maximizing responses, displaying an unwillingness to settle quickly for lower amounts of reinforcement. Additionally, in the most strict of the three schools, children with high success expectancies made fewer attempts at different patterns of response, reflecting lower tendencies to explore in searching for maximal reinforcement. The effects obtained were interpreted in terms of sociodemographic influences on children's motivational structures, and in terms of possibility varying cannotations of probability learning scores across different subject populations.

AB - Motivational aspects of probability learning performance were examined in 106 third- and fourth-grade children, sampled from three schools. Several measurement modalities were used to assess children's motivational levels. The relationship between probability learning scores and motivational constructs was found to be strongly influenced by socioeconomic status (SES) as well as by school atmosphere Unlike their middle-class counterparts, lower SES children with an internal locus of control made fewer maximizing responses, displaying an unwillingness to settle quickly for lower amounts of reinforcement. Additionally, in the most strict of the three schools, children with high success expectancies made fewer attempts at different patterns of response, reflecting lower tendencies to explore in searching for maximal reinforcement. The effects obtained were interpreted in terms of sociodemographic influences on children's motivational structures, and in terms of possibility varying cannotations of probability learning scores across different subject populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000502621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000502621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0193-3973(88)90013-5

DO - 10.1016/0193-3973(88)90013-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000502621

VL - 9

SP - 477

EP - 494

JO - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

SN - 0193-3973

IS - 4

ER -