Mothers' and children's positive emotion: Relations and trajectories across four years

Julie Sallquist, Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy Spinrad, Bridget M. Gaertner, Natalie Wilkens, Nianli Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goals of this study were to examine the relations between and trajectories of mothers' and children's social positive expressivity (PE). Mothers' and children's PE were observed annually for four years beginning when children were approximately 18 months old (N = 247; 110 girls). Based on correlations, there was evidence of rank-order stability in children's and mothers' PE. Based on growth curve analyses, mothers' and children's PE followed curvilinear trajectories; thus, mean-level instability was found. Children's PE during a free-play interaction with their mothers increased then decreased slightly whereas mothers' affect during the same task decreased then stabilized. Children's PE during a joy-inducing situation (i.e., bubbles) with an experimenter slightly decreased and then increased. In panel models, there was no evidence of prediction over time across children's and mothers' PE when taking stability into account. These unique trajectories and relations provide insight into the developmental pattern of young children's and their mothers' PE elicited within social contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-821
Number of pages23
JournalSocial Development
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Emotions
emotion
Mothers
evidence
Growth
interaction

Keywords

  • Positive emotion
  • Socialization of emotion
  • Trajectories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mothers' and children's positive emotion : Relations and trajectories across four years. / Sallquist, Julie; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy; Gaertner, Bridget M.; Wilkens, Natalie; Zhou, Nianli.

In: Social Development, Vol. 19, No. 4, 11.2010, p. 799-821.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{947e04d7576b4156a19c0255adbecf1e,
title = "Mothers' and children's positive emotion: Relations and trajectories across four years",
abstract = "The goals of this study were to examine the relations between and trajectories of mothers' and children's social positive expressivity (PE). Mothers' and children's PE were observed annually for four years beginning when children were approximately 18 months old (N = 247; 110 girls). Based on correlations, there was evidence of rank-order stability in children's and mothers' PE. Based on growth curve analyses, mothers' and children's PE followed curvilinear trajectories; thus, mean-level instability was found. Children's PE during a free-play interaction with their mothers increased then decreased slightly whereas mothers' affect during the same task decreased then stabilized. Children's PE during a joy-inducing situation (i.e., bubbles) with an experimenter slightly decreased and then increased. In panel models, there was no evidence of prediction over time across children's and mothers' PE when taking stability into account. These unique trajectories and relations provide insight into the developmental pattern of young children's and their mothers' PE elicited within social contexts.",
keywords = "Positive emotion, Socialization of emotion, Trajectories",
author = "Julie Sallquist and Nancy Eisenberg and Tracy Spinrad and Gaertner, {Bridget M.} and Natalie Wilkens and Nianli Zhou",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-9507.2009.00565.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "799--821",
journal = "Social Development",
issn = "0961-205X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mothers' and children's positive emotion

T2 - Relations and trajectories across four years

AU - Sallquist, Julie

AU - Eisenberg, Nancy

AU - Spinrad, Tracy

AU - Gaertner, Bridget M.

AU - Wilkens, Natalie

AU - Zhou, Nianli

PY - 2010/11

Y1 - 2010/11

N2 - The goals of this study were to examine the relations between and trajectories of mothers' and children's social positive expressivity (PE). Mothers' and children's PE were observed annually for four years beginning when children were approximately 18 months old (N = 247; 110 girls). Based on correlations, there was evidence of rank-order stability in children's and mothers' PE. Based on growth curve analyses, mothers' and children's PE followed curvilinear trajectories; thus, mean-level instability was found. Children's PE during a free-play interaction with their mothers increased then decreased slightly whereas mothers' affect during the same task decreased then stabilized. Children's PE during a joy-inducing situation (i.e., bubbles) with an experimenter slightly decreased and then increased. In panel models, there was no evidence of prediction over time across children's and mothers' PE when taking stability into account. These unique trajectories and relations provide insight into the developmental pattern of young children's and their mothers' PE elicited within social contexts.

AB - The goals of this study were to examine the relations between and trajectories of mothers' and children's social positive expressivity (PE). Mothers' and children's PE were observed annually for four years beginning when children were approximately 18 months old (N = 247; 110 girls). Based on correlations, there was evidence of rank-order stability in children's and mothers' PE. Based on growth curve analyses, mothers' and children's PE followed curvilinear trajectories; thus, mean-level instability was found. Children's PE during a free-play interaction with their mothers increased then decreased slightly whereas mothers' affect during the same task decreased then stabilized. Children's PE during a joy-inducing situation (i.e., bubbles) with an experimenter slightly decreased and then increased. In panel models, there was no evidence of prediction over time across children's and mothers' PE when taking stability into account. These unique trajectories and relations provide insight into the developmental pattern of young children's and their mothers' PE elicited within social contexts.

KW - Positive emotion

KW - Socialization of emotion

KW - Trajectories

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77957114311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77957114311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2009.00565.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2009.00565.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77957114311

VL - 19

SP - 799

EP - 821

JO - Social Development

JF - Social Development

SN - 0961-205X

IS - 4

ER -