The key step for anaerobic biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) is an initial dechlorination reaction, but Cl in the para-position is more difficult to remove than Cl in the ortho-position using normal 2,4-DCP-acclimated bacteria. In this work, a bacterial community previously acclimated to biodegrading 2,4-DCP slowly dechlorinated 4-chlorophenol (4-CP Cl only in the para-position), which limited mineralization. That community was exposed to the selective pressure of having 4-CP as its only organic substrate in order to generate a 4-CP-dechlorinating community. When the 4-CP-dechlorinating community was challenged with 2,4-DCP, 4-CP hardly accumulated, although the kinetics for 2,4-DCP biodegradation were slower. When the community acclimated to 4-CP was mixed with the community acclimated to 2,4-DCP, the 2,4-DCP removal rate remained high, and 4-CP was more rapidly biodegraded. The genera Treponema, Blvii28, Dechloromonas, Nitrospira, and Thauera were significantly more abundant in the 4-CP-dechlorinating biomass and may have played roles in 2,4-DCP dechlorination and mineralization.
- Phylogenetic analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal