Mood, weight, and physical activity among obese individuals enrolled in a long-term weight-loss program: Trajectories and associations with gender

Shelby Langer, Andrew P. Flood, Ericka M. Welsh, Rona L. Levy, Melanie A. Jaeb, Patricia S. Laqua, Anne Marie Hotop, Nathan R. Mitchell, Robert W. Jeffery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the trajectories of mood, weight and physical activity, and associations between mood, weight, and gender, among 213 obese individuals.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal design. Assessments at baseline and 6, 12, and 18 months of Profile of Mood States, Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire, and weight.Results: Total mood disturbance decreased from baseline to 6 months, with no change thereafter. Weight decreased from baseline to 6 to 12 months, and increased from 12 to 18 months. Physical activity increased from baseline to 6 months, and 12 to 18 months. Increased physical activity predicted greater vigor and less fatigue over time. Females high in distress at 6 months lost less weight than females low in distress and at 18 months gained more weight than those low in distress. There were no such associations among males.Conclusion: The trajectories of mood, weight and physical activity were synchronous only in the short-term. Distress monitoring, targeted to females who relapse, may be warranted. Copyright Internet Scientific Publications, LLC., 1996 to 2010.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternet Journal of Mental Health
Volume6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Distress
  • Gender
  • Mood
  • Physical activity
  • Vigor
  • Weight-loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Langer, S., Flood, A. P., Welsh, E. M., Levy, R. L., Jaeb, M. A., Laqua, P. S., Hotop, A. M., Mitchell, N. R., & Jeffery, R. W. (2009). Mood, weight, and physical activity among obese individuals enrolled in a long-term weight-loss program: Trajectories and associations with gender. Internet Journal of Mental Health, 6(1).