Monopole non-annihilation at the electroweak scale

Evalyn Gates, Lawrence M. Krauss, John Terning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examine the issue of monopole annihilation at the electroweak scale induced by flux tube confinement, concentrating first on the simplest possibility - one which requires no new physics beyond the standard model. Monopoles existing at the time of the electroweak phase transition may trigger W condensation which can confine magnetic flux into flux tubes. However, we show on very general grounds, using several independent estimates, that such a mechanism is impotent. We then present several general dynamical arguments limiting the possibility of monopole annihilation through any confining phase near the electroweak scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-316
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters B
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Jun 25 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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