Monitoring Lung Mechanics during Mechanical Ventilation using Machine Learning Algorithms

Niloofar Hezarjaribi, Rabijit Dutta, Tao Xing, Gordon K. Murdoch, Sepideh Mazrouee, Bobak J. Mortazavi, Hassan Ghasemzadeh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluation of lung mechanics is the primary component for designing lung protective optimal ventilation strategies. This paper presents a machine learning approach for bedside assessment of respiratory resistance (R) and compliance (C). We develop machine learning algorithms to track flow rate and airway pressure and estimate R and C continuously and in real-time. An experimental study is conducted, by connecting a pressure control ventilator to a test lung that simulates various R and C values, to gather sensor data for validation of the devised algorithms. We develop supervised learning algorithms based on decision tree, decision table, and Support Vector Machine (SVM) techniques to predict R and C values. Our experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms achieve 90.3%, 93.1%, and 63.9% accuracy in assessing respiratory R and C using decision table, decision tree, and SVM, respectively. These results along with our ability to estimate R and C with 99.4% accuracy using a linear regression model demonstrate the potential of the proposed approach for constructing a new generation of ventilation technologies that leverage novel computational models to control their underlying parameters for personalized healthcare and context-aware interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1160-1163
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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