Monarchism, national identity and social representations of history in Indonesia: Intersections of the local and national in the sultanates of Yogyakarta and Surakarta

Moh Abdul Hakim, James H. Liu, Laina Isler, Mark Woodward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the young state of Indonesia, old local authorities like sultanates have reasserted themselves. This reemergence of localized authority does not necessarily conflict with nation building. Survey research among adult samples (N=399) in the neighbouring sultanates of Yogyakarta and Surakarta found that social representations of history were implicated in the relationship between monarchism and national identity. In Yogyakarta (but not Surakarta), a positive intersection between local and national representations of history was found: events and people associated with the sultanate were also regarded as instrumental to the birth of the nation. In Yogyakarta, support for the sultanate was higher than in Surakarta: respondents argued that Yogyakarta had the culture and history required to justify status as a special autonomous region. In Yogyakarta but not Surakarta, monarchism was positively related to national identity and trust in national democratic political institutions. The intersection between local and national representations of history, especially concerning the instrumentality of the local monarchy in giving birth to the nation in Yogyakarta, created historical continuity/positive intersectionality where the superordinate nation and the local monarchy are networked in a system of power and meaning that lends trust in democratic institutions from monarchism, and strengthens national identity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-269
Number of pages11
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Democracy
  • History
  • Institutional trust
  • Monarchy
  • National identity
  • Social representations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

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