Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems

O. Hen, M. Sargsian, L. B. Weinstein, E. Piasetzky, H. Hakobyan, D. W. Higinbotham, M. Braverman, W. K. Brooks, S. Gilad, K. P. Adhikari, J. Arrington, G. Asryan, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, A. Beck, S. May-Tal Beck, I. Bedlinskiy, W. BertozziA. Biselli, V. D. Burkert, T. Cao, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, S. Chandavar, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, V. Crede, A. D'Angelo, R. De Vita, A. Deur, C. Djalali, D. Doughty, Michael Dugger, R. Dupre, H. Egiyan, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, T. Forest, B. Garillon, M. Garcon, N. Gevorgyan, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, F. X. Girod, J. T. Goetz, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, L. Guo, K. Hafidi, C. Hanretty, M. Hattawy, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, C. E. Hyde, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. I. Ishkanov, E. L. Isupov, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, D. Keller, M. Khandaker, A. Kim, W. Kim, F. J. Klein, S. Koirala, I. Korover, S. E. Kuhn, V. Kubarovsky, P. Lenisa, W. I. Levine, K. Livingston, M. Lowry, H. Y. Lu, I. J D MacGregor, N. Markov, M. Mayer, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, V. Mokeev, A. Movsisyan, C. Munoz Camacho, B. Mustapha, P. Nadel-Turonski, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, I. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, S. Pisano, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, Y. Prok, D. Protopopescu, A. J R Puckett, D. Rimal, M. Ripani, Barry Ritchie, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, P. Roy, P. Rossi, F. Sabatié, D. Schott, R. A. Schumacher, Y. G. Sharabian, G. D. Smith, R. Shneor, D. Sokhan, S. S. Stepanyan, S. Stepanyan, P. Stoler, S. Strauch, V. Sytnik, M. Taiuti, S. Tkachenko, M. Ungaro, A. V. Vlassov, E. Voutier, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, M. H. Wood, S. A. Wood, N. Zachariou, L. Zana, Z. W. Zhao, X. Zheng, I. Zonta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions: protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority of fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron-scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe, and 208Pb targets show that even in heavy, neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Thus, in neutron-rich nuclei, protons have a greater probability than neutrons to have momentum greater than the Fermi momentum. This finding has implications ranging from nuclear few-body systems to neutron stars and may also be observable experimentally in two-spin-state, ultracold atomic gas systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)614-617
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume346
Issue number6209
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2014

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momentum
neutrons
protons
fermions
nuclei
Pauli exclusion principle
monatomic gases
high energy electrons
neutron stars
electron scattering
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Hen, O., Sargsian, M., Weinstein, L. B., Piasetzky, E., Hakobyan, H., Higinbotham, D. W., ... Zonta, I. (2014). Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems. Science, 346(6209), 614-617. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256785

Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems. / Hen, O.; Sargsian, M.; Weinstein, L. B.; Piasetzky, E.; Hakobyan, H.; Higinbotham, D. W.; Braverman, M.; Brooks, W. K.; Gilad, S.; Adhikari, K. P.; Arrington, J.; Asryan, G.; Avakian, H.; Ball, J.; Baltzell, N. A.; Battaglieri, M.; Beck, A.; May-Tal Beck, S.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Bertozzi, W.; Biselli, A.; Burkert, V. D.; Cao, T.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Crede, V.; D'Angelo, A.; De Vita, R.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Doughty, D.; Dugger, Michael; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Fedotov, G.; Fegan, S.; Forest, T.; Garillon, B.; Garcon, M.; Gevorgyan, N.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Girod, F. X.; Goetz, J. T.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guidal, M.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hanretty, C.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hyde, C. E.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkanov, B. I.; Isupov, E. L.; Jiang, H.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Keller, D.; Khandaker, M.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Koirala, S.; Korover, I.; Kuhn, S. E.; Kubarovsky, V.; Lenisa, P.; Levine, W. I.; Livingston, K.; Lowry, M.; Lu, H. Y.; MacGregor, I. J D; Markov, N.; Mayer, M.; McKinnon, B.; Mineeva, T.; Mokeev, V.; Movsisyan, A.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Mustapha, B.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Niccolai, S.; Niculescu, G.; Niculescu, I.; Osipenko, M.; Pappalardo, L. L.; Paremuzyan, R.; Park, K.; Pasyuk, E.; Phelps, W.; Pisano, S.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Procureur, S.; Prok, Y.; Protopopescu, D.; Puckett, A. J R; Rimal, D.; Ripani, M.; Ritchie, Barry; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Roy, P.; Rossi, P.; Sabatié, F.; Schott, D.; Schumacher, R. A.; Sharabian, Y. G.; Smith, G. D.; Shneor, R.; Sokhan, D.; Stepanyan, S. S.; Stepanyan, S.; Stoler, P.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Taiuti, M.; Tkachenko, S.; Ungaro, M.; Vlassov, A. V.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Wei, X.; Wood, M. H.; Wood, S. A.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhao, Z. W.; Zheng, X.; Zonta, I.

In: Science, Vol. 346, No. 6209, 31.10.2014, p. 614-617.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hen, O, Sargsian, M, Weinstein, LB, Piasetzky, E, Hakobyan, H, Higinbotham, DW, Braverman, M, Brooks, WK, Gilad, S, Adhikari, KP, Arrington, J, Asryan, G, Avakian, H, Ball, J, Baltzell, NA, Battaglieri, M, Beck, A, May-Tal Beck, S, Bedlinskiy, I, Bertozzi, W, Biselli, A, Burkert, VD, Cao, T, Carman, DS, Celentano, A, Chandavar, S, Colaneri, L, Cole, PL, Crede, V, D'Angelo, A, De Vita, R, Deur, A, Djalali, C, Doughty, D, Dugger, M, Dupre, R, Egiyan, H, El Alaoui, A, El Fassi, L, Elouadrhiri, L, Fedotov, G, Fegan, S, Forest, T, Garillon, B, Garcon, M, Gevorgyan, N, Ghandilyan, Y, Gilfoyle, GP, Girod, FX, Goetz, JT, Gothe, RW, Griffioen, KA, Guidal, M, Guo, L, Hafidi, K, Hanretty, C, Hattawy, M, Hicks, K, Holtrop, M, Hyde, CE, Ilieva, Y, Ireland, DG, Ishkanov, BI, Isupov, EL, Jiang, H, Jo, HS, Joo, K, Keller, D, Khandaker, M, Kim, A, Kim, W, Klein, FJ, Koirala, S, Korover, I, Kuhn, SE, Kubarovsky, V, Lenisa, P, Levine, WI, Livingston, K, Lowry, M, Lu, HY, MacGregor, IJD, Markov, N, Mayer, M, McKinnon, B, Mineeva, T, Mokeev, V, Movsisyan, A, Munoz Camacho, C, Mustapha, B, Nadel-Turonski, P, Niccolai, S, Niculescu, G, Niculescu, I, Osipenko, M, Pappalardo, LL, Paremuzyan, R, Park, K, Pasyuk, E, Phelps, W, Pisano, S, Pogorelko, O, Price, JW, Procureur, S, Prok, Y, Protopopescu, D, Puckett, AJR, Rimal, D, Ripani, M, Ritchie, B, Rizzo, A, Rosner, G, Roy, P, Rossi, P, Sabatié, F, Schott, D, Schumacher, RA, Sharabian, YG, Smith, GD, Shneor, R, Sokhan, D, Stepanyan, SS, Stepanyan, S, Stoler, P, Strauch, S, Sytnik, V, Taiuti, M, Tkachenko, S, Ungaro, M, Vlassov, AV, Voutier, E, Walford, NK, Wei, X, Wood, MH, Wood, SA, Zachariou, N, Zana, L, Zhao, ZW, Zheng, X & Zonta, I 2014, 'Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems', Science, vol. 346, no. 6209, pp. 614-617. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256785
Hen O, Sargsian M, Weinstein LB, Piasetzky E, Hakobyan H, Higinbotham DW et al. Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems. Science. 2014 Oct 31;346(6209):614-617. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1256785
Hen, O. ; Sargsian, M. ; Weinstein, L. B. ; Piasetzky, E. ; Hakobyan, H. ; Higinbotham, D. W. ; Braverman, M. ; Brooks, W. K. ; Gilad, S. ; Adhikari, K. P. ; Arrington, J. ; Asryan, G. ; Avakian, H. ; Ball, J. ; Baltzell, N. A. ; Battaglieri, M. ; Beck, A. ; May-Tal Beck, S. ; Bedlinskiy, I. ; Bertozzi, W. ; Biselli, A. ; Burkert, V. D. ; Cao, T. ; Carman, D. S. ; Celentano, A. ; Chandavar, S. ; Colaneri, L. ; Cole, P. L. ; Crede, V. ; D'Angelo, A. ; De Vita, R. ; Deur, A. ; Djalali, C. ; Doughty, D. ; Dugger, Michael ; Dupre, R. ; Egiyan, H. ; El Alaoui, A. ; El Fassi, L. ; Elouadrhiri, L. ; Fedotov, G. ; Fegan, S. ; Forest, T. ; Garillon, B. ; Garcon, M. ; Gevorgyan, N. ; Ghandilyan, Y. ; Gilfoyle, G. P. ; Girod, F. X. ; Goetz, J. T. ; Gothe, R. W. ; Griffioen, K. A. ; Guidal, M. ; Guo, L. ; Hafidi, K. ; Hanretty, C. ; Hattawy, M. ; Hicks, K. ; Holtrop, M. ; Hyde, C. E. ; Ilieva, Y. ; Ireland, D. G. ; Ishkanov, B. I. ; Isupov, E. L. ; Jiang, H. ; Jo, H. S. ; Joo, K. ; Keller, D. ; Khandaker, M. ; Kim, A. ; Kim, W. ; Klein, F. J. ; Koirala, S. ; Korover, I. ; Kuhn, S. E. ; Kubarovsky, V. ; Lenisa, P. ; Levine, W. I. ; Livingston, K. ; Lowry, M. ; Lu, H. Y. ; MacGregor, I. J D ; Markov, N. ; Mayer, M. ; McKinnon, B. ; Mineeva, T. ; Mokeev, V. ; Movsisyan, A. ; Munoz Camacho, C. ; Mustapha, B. ; Nadel-Turonski, P. ; Niccolai, S. ; Niculescu, G. ; Niculescu, I. ; Osipenko, M. ; Pappalardo, L. L. ; Paremuzyan, R. ; Park, K. ; Pasyuk, E. ; Phelps, W. ; Pisano, S. ; Pogorelko, O. ; Price, J. W. ; Procureur, S. ; Prok, Y. ; Protopopescu, D. ; Puckett, A. J R ; Rimal, D. ; Ripani, M. ; Ritchie, Barry ; Rizzo, A. ; Rosner, G. ; Roy, P. ; Rossi, P. ; Sabatié, F. ; Schott, D. ; Schumacher, R. A. ; Sharabian, Y. G. ; Smith, G. D. ; Shneor, R. ; Sokhan, D. ; Stepanyan, S. S. ; Stepanyan, S. ; Stoler, P. ; Strauch, S. ; Sytnik, V. ; Taiuti, M. ; Tkachenko, S. ; Ungaro, M. ; Vlassov, A. V. ; Voutier, E. ; Walford, N. K. ; Wei, X. ; Wood, M. H. ; Wood, S. A. ; Zachariou, N. ; Zana, L. ; Zhao, Z. W. ; Zheng, X. ; Zonta, I. / Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems. In: Science. 2014 ; Vol. 346, No. 6209. pp. 614-617.
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title = "Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems",
abstract = "The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions: protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority of fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron-scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe, and 208Pb targets show that even in heavy, neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Thus, in neutron-rich nuclei, protons have a greater probability than neutrons to have momentum greater than the Fermi momentum. This finding has implications ranging from nuclear few-body systems to neutron stars and may also be observable experimentally in two-spin-state, ultracold atomic gas systems.",
author = "O. Hen and M. Sargsian and Weinstein, {L. B.} and E. Piasetzky and H. Hakobyan and Higinbotham, {D. W.} and M. Braverman and Brooks, {W. K.} and S. Gilad and Adhikari, {K. P.} and J. Arrington and G. Asryan and H. Avakian and J. Ball and Baltzell, {N. A.} and M. Battaglieri and A. Beck and {May-Tal Beck}, S. and I. Bedlinskiy and W. Bertozzi and A. Biselli and Burkert, {V. D.} and T. Cao and Carman, {D. S.} and A. Celentano and S. Chandavar and L. Colaneri and Cole, {P. L.} and V. Crede and A. D'Angelo and {De Vita}, R. and A. Deur and C. Djalali and D. Doughty and Michael Dugger and R. Dupre and H. Egiyan and {El Alaoui}, A. and {El Fassi}, L. and L. Elouadrhiri and G. Fedotov and S. Fegan and T. Forest and B. Garillon and M. Garcon and N. Gevorgyan and Y. Ghandilyan and Gilfoyle, {G. P.} and Girod, {F. X.} and Goetz, {J. T.} and Gothe, {R. W.} and Griffioen, {K. A.} and M. Guidal and L. Guo and K. Hafidi and C. Hanretty and M. Hattawy and K. Hicks and M. Holtrop and Hyde, {C. E.} and Y. Ilieva and Ireland, {D. G.} and Ishkanov, {B. I.} and Isupov, {E. L.} and H. Jiang and Jo, {H. S.} and K. Joo and D. Keller and M. Khandaker and A. Kim and W. Kim and Klein, {F. J.} and S. Koirala and I. Korover and Kuhn, {S. E.} and V. Kubarovsky and P. Lenisa and Levine, {W. I.} and K. Livingston and M. Lowry and Lu, {H. Y.} and MacGregor, {I. J D} and N. Markov and M. Mayer and B. McKinnon and T. Mineeva and V. Mokeev and A. Movsisyan and {Munoz Camacho}, C. and B. Mustapha and P. Nadel-Turonski and S. Niccolai and G. Niculescu and I. Niculescu and M. Osipenko and Pappalardo, {L. L.} and R. Paremuzyan and K. Park and E. Pasyuk and W. Phelps and S. Pisano and O. Pogorelko and Price, {J. W.} and S. Procureur and Y. Prok and D. Protopopescu and Puckett, {A. J R} and D. Rimal and M. Ripani and Barry Ritchie and A. Rizzo and G. Rosner and P. Roy and P. Rossi and F. Sabati{\'e} and D. Schott and Schumacher, {R. A.} and Sharabian, {Y. G.} and Smith, {G. D.} and R. Shneor and D. Sokhan and Stepanyan, {S. S.} and S. Stepanyan and P. Stoler and S. Strauch and V. Sytnik and M. Taiuti and S. Tkachenko and M. Ungaro and Vlassov, {A. V.} and E. Voutier and Walford, {N. K.} and X. Wei and Wood, {M. H.} and Wood, {S. A.} and N. Zachariou and L. Zana and Zhao, {Z. W.} and X. Zheng and I. Zonta",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Momentum sharing in imbalanced Fermi systems

AU - Hen, O.

AU - Sargsian, M.

AU - Weinstein, L. B.

AU - Piasetzky, E.

AU - Hakobyan, H.

AU - Higinbotham, D. W.

AU - Braverman, M.

AU - Brooks, W. K.

AU - Gilad, S.

AU - Adhikari, K. P.

AU - Arrington, J.

AU - Asryan, G.

AU - Avakian, H.

AU - Ball, J.

AU - Baltzell, N. A.

AU - Battaglieri, M.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - May-Tal Beck, S.

AU - Bedlinskiy, I.

AU - Bertozzi, W.

AU - Biselli, A.

AU - Burkert, V. D.

AU - Cao, T.

AU - Carman, D. S.

AU - Celentano, A.

AU - Chandavar, S.

AU - Colaneri, L.

AU - Cole, P. L.

AU - Crede, V.

AU - D'Angelo, A.

AU - De Vita, R.

AU - Deur, A.

AU - Djalali, C.

AU - Doughty, D.

AU - Dugger, Michael

AU - Dupre, R.

AU - Egiyan, H.

AU - El Alaoui, A.

AU - El Fassi, L.

AU - Elouadrhiri, L.

AU - Fedotov, G.

AU - Fegan, S.

AU - Forest, T.

AU - Garillon, B.

AU - Garcon, M.

AU - Gevorgyan, N.

AU - Ghandilyan, Y.

AU - Gilfoyle, G. P.

AU - Girod, F. X.

AU - Goetz, J. T.

AU - Gothe, R. W.

AU - Griffioen, K. A.

AU - Guidal, M.

AU - Guo, L.

AU - Hafidi, K.

AU - Hanretty, C.

AU - Hattawy, M.

AU - Hicks, K.

AU - Holtrop, M.

AU - Hyde, C. E.

AU - Ilieva, Y.

AU - Ireland, D. G.

AU - Ishkanov, B. I.

AU - Isupov, E. L.

AU - Jiang, H.

AU - Jo, H. S.

AU - Joo, K.

AU - Keller, D.

AU - Khandaker, M.

AU - Kim, A.

AU - Kim, W.

AU - Klein, F. J.

AU - Koirala, S.

AU - Korover, I.

AU - Kuhn, S. E.

AU - Kubarovsky, V.

AU - Lenisa, P.

AU - Levine, W. I.

AU - Livingston, K.

AU - Lowry, M.

AU - Lu, H. Y.

AU - MacGregor, I. J D

AU - Markov, N.

AU - Mayer, M.

AU - McKinnon, B.

AU - Mineeva, T.

AU - Mokeev, V.

AU - Movsisyan, A.

AU - Munoz Camacho, C.

AU - Mustapha, B.

AU - Nadel-Turonski, P.

AU - Niccolai, S.

AU - Niculescu, G.

AU - Niculescu, I.

AU - Osipenko, M.

AU - Pappalardo, L. L.

AU - Paremuzyan, R.

AU - Park, K.

AU - Pasyuk, E.

AU - Phelps, W.

AU - Pisano, S.

AU - Pogorelko, O.

AU - Price, J. W.

AU - Procureur, S.

AU - Prok, Y.

AU - Protopopescu, D.

AU - Puckett, A. J R

AU - Rimal, D.

AU - Ripani, M.

AU - Ritchie, Barry

AU - Rizzo, A.

AU - Rosner, G.

AU - Roy, P.

AU - Rossi, P.

AU - Sabatié, F.

AU - Schott, D.

AU - Schumacher, R. A.

AU - Sharabian, Y. G.

AU - Smith, G. D.

AU - Shneor, R.

AU - Sokhan, D.

AU - Stepanyan, S. S.

AU - Stepanyan, S.

AU - Stoler, P.

AU - Strauch, S.

AU - Sytnik, V.

AU - Taiuti, M.

AU - Tkachenko, S.

AU - Ungaro, M.

AU - Vlassov, A. V.

AU - Voutier, E.

AU - Walford, N. K.

AU - Wei, X.

AU - Wood, M. H.

AU - Wood, S. A.

AU - Zachariou, N.

AU - Zana, L.

AU - Zhao, Z. W.

AU - Zheng, X.

AU - Zonta, I.

PY - 2014/10/31

Y1 - 2014/10/31

N2 - The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions: protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority of fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron-scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe, and 208Pb targets show that even in heavy, neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Thus, in neutron-rich nuclei, protons have a greater probability than neutrons to have momentum greater than the Fermi momentum. This finding has implications ranging from nuclear few-body systems to neutron stars and may also be observable experimentally in two-spin-state, ultracold atomic gas systems.

AB - The atomic nucleus is composed of two different kinds of fermions: protons and neutrons. If the protons and neutrons did not interact, the Pauli exclusion principle would force the majority of fermions (usually neutrons) to have a higher average momentum. Our high-energy electron-scattering measurements using 12C, 27Al, 56Fe, and 208Pb targets show that even in heavy, neutron-rich nuclei, short-range interactions between the fermions form correlated high-momentum neutron-proton pairs. Thus, in neutron-rich nuclei, protons have a greater probability than neutrons to have momentum greater than the Fermi momentum. This finding has implications ranging from nuclear few-body systems to neutron stars and may also be observable experimentally in two-spin-state, ultracold atomic gas systems.

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U2 - 10.1126/science.1256785

DO - 10.1126/science.1256785

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84908701593

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EP - 617

JO - Science

JF - Science

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