Moment/rotation effects on laterally loaded drilled shaft group response

William N. Houston, Kenneth D. Walsh, Abdalla M. Harraz, Sandra Houston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drilled shaft groups are often designed to resist lateral loads for transportation structures. The shaft group capacity usually corresponds to a load being applied at the shaft cap level. However, in abutment wall applications, the lateral load is, in fact, applied well above the cap elevation. Thus, the load is transferred to the cap with an additional moment, causing the cap to deflect and rotate more than if this added moment were absent. As a result, the lateral capacity for a given allowable deflection of the group should be reduced because of this effect. Design engineers usually select or approve the allowable deflection at the top of the abutment wall. However, deflection at the cap level is needed to design the group capacity. The main objective of this paper is to report the results from a series of finite-element analyses on abutment wall cap configurations to study the effect of moment on the capacity of the shaft group under lateral load. A scaling factor is defined as the ratio between the group capacity for load applied at a given height above the cap and the group capacity for load applied at the bottom of the cap, and it was found to be dependent on the wall height, the spacing between shafts, and the cap deflection level, and more or less independent of the soil type, the cap thickness, and the shaft diameter. The ratio between the deflection at the top of the abutment wall and the deflection at the cap was found to be dependent on the wall stiffness (wall thickness to wall height ratio). International Journal of Geomechanics

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-310
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Geomechanics
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Abutments
  • Drilled shafts
  • Finite element method
  • Lateral loads
  • Rotation
  • Spacing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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