Molecular Dynamics of Spider Dragline Silk Fiber Investigated by 2H MAS NMR

Xiangyan Shi, Gregory P. Holland, Jeffery Yarger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular dynamics of the proteins that comprise spider dragline silk were investigated with solid-state 2H magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR line shape and spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) analysis. The experiments were performed on 2H/13C/15N-enriched N. clavipes dragline silk fibers. The silk protein side-chain and backbone dynamics were probed for Ala-rich regions (β-sheet and 31-helical domains) in both native (dry) and supercontracted (wet) spider silk. In native (dry) silk fibers, the side chains in all Ala containing regions undergo similar fast methyl rotations (>109 s-1), while the backbone remains essentially static (<102 s-1). When the silk is wet and supercontracted, the presence of water initiates fast side-chain and backbone motions for a fraction of the β-sheet region and 31-helicies. β-Sheet subregion 1 ascribed to the poly(Ala) core exhibits slower dynamics, while β-sheet subregion 2 present in the interfacial, primarily poly(Gly-Ala) region that links the β-sheets to disordered 31-helical motifs, exhibits faster motions when the silk is supercontracted. Particularly notable is the observation of microsecond backbone motions for β-sheet subregion 2 and 31-helicies. It is proposed that these microsecond backbone motions lead to hydrogen-bond disruption in β-sheet subregion 2 and helps to explain the decrease in silk stiffness when the silk is wet and supercontracted. In addition, water mobilizes and softens 31-helical motifs, contributing to the increased extensibility observed when the silk is in a supercontracted state. The present study provides critical insight into the supercontraction mechanism and corresponding changes in mechanical properties observed for spider dragline silks. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-859
Number of pages8
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2015

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Magic angle spinning
Silk
Molecular dynamics
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Fibers
Proteins
Spin-lattice relaxation
Water
Relaxation time
Hydrogen bonds
Stiffness
Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

Molecular Dynamics of Spider Dragline Silk Fiber Investigated by 2H MAS NMR. / Shi, Xiangyan; Holland, Gregory P.; Yarger, Jeffery.

In: Biomacromolecules, Vol. 16, No. 3, 09.03.2015, p. 852-859.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shi, Xiangyan ; Holland, Gregory P. ; Yarger, Jeffery. / Molecular Dynamics of Spider Dragline Silk Fiber Investigated by 2H MAS NMR. In: Biomacromolecules. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 852-859.
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