Moisture-Driven CO2 Sorbents

Xiaoyang Shi, Hang Xiao, Kohei Kanamori, Akio Yonezu, Klaus S. Lackner, Xi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An energy-saving system containing ion-exchange or nanoporous materials and carbonate ions is proposed, which is capable of capturing CO2 from ambient air simply by controlling the amount of water (moisture) in contact with the sorbent. The system binds CO2 from the air when the surrounding is dry, whereas it desorbs CO2 when it is wet. A design of such CO2 sorption and desorption systems is investigated using quantum mechanics simulations and is verified by experiments. Its working mechanism is revealed as the free energy change of the chemical reaction of the carbonate ions and water molecules; the free energy change decreases when the number of water molecules in the materials decreases. The influence of pore size, spacing of cations, and surface hydrophobicity of the sorbents on CO2 capture efficiency are elucidated. The study sheds light on ways to optimize an efficient direct air capture system and therefore contributes to the development of “negative emission technologies.”

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1837
Number of pages15
JournalJoule
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO sorbent
  • DAC technology
  • capture CO from ambient air
  • climate change
  • direct air capture CO
  • global warming
  • ion hydration
  • negative carbon emission
  • negative emission technology
  • surface and interface science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Moisture-Driven CO<sub>2</sub> Sorbents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this