Modulation of the activity of a human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor/interleukin-3 fusion protein (pIXY 321) by the macrocyclic lactone protein kinase C activator bryostatin 1

C. W. McCrady, F. Li, G. R. Pettit, S. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have examined the effect of the macrocyclic lactone protein kinase C (PK-C) activator bryostatin 1 on the proliferative capacity and lineage commitment of CD34+ human bone marrow cells exposed to the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor/interleukin-3 (GM-CSF/IL-3) fusion protein pIXY 321. pIXY 321 administered at a dose of 10 ng/mL was as effective as the combination of plateau concentrations of recombinant (r) IL-3 and rGM-CSF (e.g., 50 ng/mL) in stimulating the growth of day-14 committed myeloid progenitors (colony-forming units granulocyte/macrophage [CFU-GM]). In the large majority of samples tested, coadministration of 0.5 to 100 nM bryostatin 1 with either pIXY 321 or the combination of rIL-3 plus rGM-CSF led to modest but significant increases (e.g., 30 to 75%) in the number of CFU-GM, compared to administration of growth factors alone. The degree of bryostatin 1-induced potentiation, however, was considerably less than that previously observed in the case of cells exposed to either rIL-3 or rGM-CSF, where increases of 100 to 150% were regularly noted. While at least 50% of day-14 CFU-GM stimulated by either pIXY 321 or the combination of rlL-3 plus rGM-CSF were of the pure or mixed eosinophilic variety, coadministration of bryostatin 1 resulted in a dramatic inhibition of eosinophilic colonies and a corresponding increase in pure and mixed neutrophil and macrophage colonies. Although coadministration of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF) or recombinant colony-stimulating factor-1 (rCSF-1) mimicked the capacity of bryostatin 1 to increase the total number of pIXY 321-induced day-14 GFU-GM, these growth factors, unlike bryostatin 1, were not capable of inhibiting eosinophilic colony formation. Furthermore, whereas addition of neutralizing antibodies to G-CSF or GSF-1 blocked the capacity of these growth factors to potentiate colony formation in the presence of pIXY 321, it did not abrogate the effect of bryostatin 1 on progenitor cell growth or lineage commitment. Finally, in contrast to its effects on committed myeloid progenitors, bryostatin 1 did not increase the growth of erythroid (burst-forming units-erythroid [BFU-E]) and multipotent (multipotent colony-forming units [CFU-GEMM]) progenitors stimulated by pIXY 321, but instead inhibited colony formation at higher concentrations (e.g., 10 to 100 nM). Together, these findings indicate that bryostatin 1 exerts pleiotropic effects on the proliferative capacity and lineage commitment of human hematopoietic progenitors exposed to the novel hybrid cytokine pIXY 321, and provide further evidence of a role for PK-C in the regulation of hematopoiesis in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-900
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume21
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Bryostatin 1
  • Hematopoiesis
  • pIXY 321

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this