Auranofln, a new orally absorbable gold compound, inhibits IgE-(anti-IgE) and non-IgE-mediated (f-met-peptide and the Ca2+ ionophore A23187) histamine release from human basophils. Auranofin inhibits the release of histamine induced by phorbol myristate (TPA) and bryostatin 1 both in the presence and absence of extracellular Ca2+. Increasing the Ca2+ concentrations in the extracellular medium does not reduce the inhibitory effect of auranofin on anti-IgE- or A23187-induced secretion. Auranofin inhibits the de novo synthesis of sulfidopeptide leukotriene C4 (LTC4) induced by anti-IgE from basophils and mast cells purified from human lung. However, in both systems auranofin has a significantly greater inhibitory effect on LTC4 release than on histamine secretion. Finally, auranofin induces a concentration-dependent inhibition of A23187-induced leukotrine B4 (LTB4) release from purified human lung macrophages. These data suggest that auranofin modulates the release of preformed (histamine) and de novo synthesized (LTC4 and LTB4) chemical mediators from human inflammatory cells isolated from peripheral blood and human lung tissues.
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