Modelling of non-metallic inclusions in steel

Lifeng Zhang, Qiang Ren, Haojian Duan, Ying Ren, Wei Chen, Gong Cheng, Wen Yang, Seetharaman Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


In the current paper, extensive studies of the current authors on the modelling of non-metallic inclusions were summarised. Kinetic studies included the nucleation, collision and agglomeration of inclusions, the interaction between inclusion and bubble in the molten steel, the motion, collision, and removal of inclusions in the molten steel during refining and continuous casting and the entrapment of inclusions in a continuous casting slab strand. Thermodynamic studies included the deoxidation of steel and precise calcium treatment of Al-killed steels. The variation in the composition of inclusions during heating treatment of stainless steels was summarised. The studies ranged from nanoscale of molecules to sub-mili meter scale of inclusions within a meter scale metallurgical vessels, over 10 order in size, and clarified mechanisms for the generation, growth, motion and removal of inclusions in steel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-206
Number of pages23
JournalMineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy: Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • bubble flotation
  • calcium treatment‌
  • continuous casting‌
  • deoxidation
  • Inclusions
  • modelling‌
  • nucleation
  • refining‌

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling of non-metallic inclusions in steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this