Modeling two-dimensional structure at the core-mantle boundary

D. V. Helmberger, Edward Garnero, X. Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies of SKS waveform modelling emphasize the strong variation of seismic properties at the core-mantle boundary (CMB) and the need for two-dimensional and three-dimensional waveform modeling capabilities. In particular, the bifurcation of SKS into SPdKS and SKPdS near 110° showns strong regional variations. The first of these phase has a P wave diffraction along the bottom of the mantle near the sources, while the latter phase occurs at the receiver end. Generalized ray theory proves effective in generating theretical seismograms in this type of problem because each of these diffractions is associated with a particular transmission coefficient: Tsp which transmits shear waves into primary waves when crossing the CMB and Tps which transmits the primary waves back into shear waves at the receiver end. Each region can then be isolated and have its separate fine structure, sharp or gradational. Two classes of boundaries are explored: the CMB as a simple, sharp interface and the CMB with a very low velocity transition layer (10% slower than reference models). The two diffractions produced by these structures have diagnosis arrival times and wave shapes and when combined with the geometric SKS produce distinct waveform characteristics not easily generated by other means. Since the ray paths associated with these three phases are virtually identical in the mantle and only differ along a short sample of CMB and in the one-dimensional fluid core, we can isolate the small localized CMB region sampled. Thus the waveform character of the extended SKS in the range 105° to 120° becomes an excellent CMB probe which we demonstrate on a small sample of observations from the Fiji-Tonga region as recorded in North America.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13963-13972
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth
Volume101
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 10 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

two-dimensional modeling
core-mantle boundary
Diffraction
Shear waves
waveforms
diffraction
S waves
S-wave
rays
Earth mantle
receivers
wave diffraction
mantle
seismic property
transition layers
seismograms
seismogram
bifurcation
Fluids
arrival time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Modeling two-dimensional structure at the core-mantle boundary. / Helmberger, D. V.; Garnero, Edward; Ding, X.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, Vol. 101, No. 6, 10.06.1996, p. 13963-13972.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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