### Abstract

We used a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity/damage model containing a mathematical length scale to idealize the material response in finite element simulations of a large-scale boundary value problem. The problem consists of a moving striker colliding against a stationary hazmat tank car. The motivations are (1) to reproduce with high fidelity finite deformation and temperature histories, damage, and high rate phenomena that may arise during the impact accident and (2) to address the material postbifurcation regime pathological mesh size issues. We introduce the mathematical length scale in the model by adopting a nonlocal evolution equation for the damage, as suggested by Pijaudier-Cabot and Bazant in the context of concrete. We implement this evolution equation into existing finite element subroutines of the plasticity/failure model. The results of the simulations, carried out with the aid of Abaqus/Explicit finite element code, show that the material model, accounting for temperature histories and nonlocal damage effects, satisfactorily predicts the damage progression during the tank car impact accident and significantly reduces the pathological mesh size effects.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 815158 |

Journal | Modelling and Simulation in Engineering |

Volume | 2013 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2013 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Science Applications
- Modeling and Simulation
- Engineering(all)

### Cite this

*Modelling and Simulation in Engineering*,

*2013*, [815158]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/815158

**Modeling the dynamic failure of railroad tank cars using a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity/damage nonlocal model.** / Ahad, Fazle R.; Enakoutsa, Koffi; Solanki, Kiran; Tjiptowidjojo, Yustianto; Bammann, Douglas J.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Modelling and Simulation in Engineering*, vol. 2013, 815158. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/815158

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling the dynamic failure of railroad tank cars using a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity/damage nonlocal model

AU - Ahad, Fazle R.

AU - Enakoutsa, Koffi

AU - Solanki, Kiran

AU - Tjiptowidjojo, Yustianto

AU - Bammann, Douglas J.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - We used a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity/damage model containing a mathematical length scale to idealize the material response in finite element simulations of a large-scale boundary value problem. The problem consists of a moving striker colliding against a stationary hazmat tank car. The motivations are (1) to reproduce with high fidelity finite deformation and temperature histories, damage, and high rate phenomena that may arise during the impact accident and (2) to address the material postbifurcation regime pathological mesh size issues. We introduce the mathematical length scale in the model by adopting a nonlocal evolution equation for the damage, as suggested by Pijaudier-Cabot and Bazant in the context of concrete. We implement this evolution equation into existing finite element subroutines of the plasticity/failure model. The results of the simulations, carried out with the aid of Abaqus/Explicit finite element code, show that the material model, accounting for temperature histories and nonlocal damage effects, satisfactorily predicts the damage progression during the tank car impact accident and significantly reduces the pathological mesh size effects.

AB - We used a physically motivated internal state variable plasticity/damage model containing a mathematical length scale to idealize the material response in finite element simulations of a large-scale boundary value problem. The problem consists of a moving striker colliding against a stationary hazmat tank car. The motivations are (1) to reproduce with high fidelity finite deformation and temperature histories, damage, and high rate phenomena that may arise during the impact accident and (2) to address the material postbifurcation regime pathological mesh size issues. We introduce the mathematical length scale in the model by adopting a nonlocal evolution equation for the damage, as suggested by Pijaudier-Cabot and Bazant in the context of concrete. We implement this evolution equation into existing finite element subroutines of the plasticity/failure model. The results of the simulations, carried out with the aid of Abaqus/Explicit finite element code, show that the material model, accounting for temperature histories and nonlocal damage effects, satisfactorily predicts the damage progression during the tank car impact accident and significantly reduces the pathological mesh size effects.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876567181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876567181&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2013/815158

DO - 10.1155/2013/815158

M3 - Article

VL - 2013

JO - Modelling and Simulation in Engineering

JF - Modelling and Simulation in Engineering

SN - 1687-5591

M1 - 815158

ER -