Modeling Life-Span Growth Curves of Cognition Using Longitudinal Data With Multiple Samples and Changing Scales of Measurement

John J. McArdle, Kevin Grimm, Fumiaki Hamagami, Ryan P. Bowles, William Meredith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors use multiple-sample longitudinal data from different test batteries to examine propositions about changes in constructs over the life span. The data come from 3 classic studies on intellectual abilities in which, in combination, 441 persons were repeatedly measured as many as 16 times over 70 years. They measured cognitive constructs of vocabulary and memory using 8 age-appropriate intelligence test batteries and explore possible linkage of these scales using item response theory (IRT). They simultaneously estimated the parameters of both IRT and latent curve models based on a joint model likelihood approach (i.e., NLMIXED and WINBUGS). They included group differences in the model to examine potential interindividual differences in levels and change. The resulting longitudinal invariant Rasch test analyses lead to a few new methodological suggestions for dealing with repeated constructs based on changing measurements in developmental studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-149
Number of pages24
JournalPsychological Methods
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intelligence Tests
Aptitude
Vocabulary
Cognition
Joints
Growth
Modeling
Longitudinal Data
Growth Curve
Life Span
Battery
Item Response Theory

Keywords

  • changing longitudinal measurements
  • item response modeling
  • latent curve analysis
  • life-span cognition
  • multilevel item analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Modeling Life-Span Growth Curves of Cognition Using Longitudinal Data With Multiple Samples and Changing Scales of Measurement. / McArdle, John J.; Grimm, Kevin; Hamagami, Fumiaki; Bowles, Ryan P.; Meredith, William.

In: Psychological Methods, Vol. 14, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 126-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McArdle, John J. ; Grimm, Kevin ; Hamagami, Fumiaki ; Bowles, Ryan P. ; Meredith, William. / Modeling Life-Span Growth Curves of Cognition Using Longitudinal Data With Multiple Samples and Changing Scales of Measurement. In: Psychological Methods. 2009 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 126-149.
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