Modeling construction safety as an agent-based emergent phenomenon

Sivakumar Palaniappan, Anil Sawhney, Marcus Janssen, Kenneth D. Walsh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditional research in construction safety focused on accident data analysis, identification of root cause factors and safety climate modeling. These research efforts did not study the dynamic repetitive interaction among multiple root cause factors. Recently safety research focuses on developing accident causation models. These models attempt to explain how the interaction among multiple project factors gets translated into safety incidents. Agent based modeling and simulation (ABMS) is an appropriate technique to develop computational models of accidents causation because of its ability to model human factors and repetitive decentralized interactions. This paper presents a conceptual framework for developing agent based models of construction safety. The key components of the model such as construction crew, management, work environment, material and equipment related quality issues, project/process level complexities, interaction rules and adaptation have been discussed. Further the adaptation of agents in response to the safety culture has been demonstrated using a simple ABMS experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAutomation and Robotics in Construction - Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction
PublisherInternational Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction I.A.A.R.C)
Pages375-382
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9788190423519
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Event24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, ISARC 2007 - Kochi, India
Duration: Sep 19 2007Sep 21 2007

Publication series

NameAutomation and Robotics in Construction - Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction

Other

Other24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, ISARC 2007
CountryIndia
CityKochi
Period9/19/079/21/07

Keywords

  • Agent based modeling and simulation
  • Construction accidents causation
  • Construction safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Building and Construction

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modeling construction safety as an agent-based emergent phenomenon'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Palaniappan, S., Sawhney, A., Janssen, M., & Walsh, K. D. (2007). Modeling construction safety as an agent-based emergent phenomenon. In Automation and Robotics in Construction - Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (pp. 375-382). (Automation and Robotics in Construction - Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction). International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction I.A.A.R.C). https://doi.org/10.22260/isarc2007/0063