Abstract

The 21st century is the century of urbanization. Along with rapid urbanization, the century is observing the biggest increase in the world's population in human history. As of 2006, the world human population reached 6.5 billion. Rapid global urbanization and explosive overall population increases generate high demand for new road networks. Paved surfaces can comprise up to 45% of land cover in urban regions of the United States and are designed with energy intensive products comprised of either Portland cement or petroleum-based asphalt (bitumen). Both of these products contribute to green house gas emissions and climate change at both the urban and global scales. This paper presents a process for road designers and transportation officials to model the impact of road material production and road construction of different pavement types on climate change (global warming) potentials. The process presented employs variables that can be modified by the designer to customize for their specific road configuration and materials type. Overall, the methodology allows engineers and planners to examine the direct CO2 emissions related to pavement production and construction. By adjusting the model parameters, users can optimize a pavement design based on local resources, climatic conditions, traffic volumes, and energy needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-782
Number of pages7
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Volume54
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

pavement
urbanization
road
climate change
modeling
road construction
urban region
twenty first century
bitumen
asphalt
energy
explosive
global warming
land cover
cement
greenhouse gas
petroleum
methodology
resource
history

Keywords

  • Asphalt (bitumen)
  • Asphalt rubber
  • Climate change
  • CO emissions
  • Fly ash
  • Portland cement concrete
  • Road construction
  • Road material production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Modeling climate change impacts of pavement production and construction. / White, Philip; Golden, Jay S.; Biligiri, Krishna P.; Kaloush, Kamil.

In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 54, No. 11, 09.2010, p. 776-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{af95d757b063482881aa30703d152ee4,
title = "Modeling climate change impacts of pavement production and construction",
abstract = "The 21st century is the century of urbanization. Along with rapid urbanization, the century is observing the biggest increase in the world's population in human history. As of 2006, the world human population reached 6.5 billion. Rapid global urbanization and explosive overall population increases generate high demand for new road networks. Paved surfaces can comprise up to 45{\%} of land cover in urban regions of the United States and are designed with energy intensive products comprised of either Portland cement or petroleum-based asphalt (bitumen). Both of these products contribute to green house gas emissions and climate change at both the urban and global scales. This paper presents a process for road designers and transportation officials to model the impact of road material production and road construction of different pavement types on climate change (global warming) potentials. The process presented employs variables that can be modified by the designer to customize for their specific road configuration and materials type. Overall, the methodology allows engineers and planners to examine the direct CO2 emissions related to pavement production and construction. By adjusting the model parameters, users can optimize a pavement design based on local resources, climatic conditions, traffic volumes, and energy needs.",
keywords = "Asphalt (bitumen), Asphalt rubber, Climate change, CO emissions, Fly ash, Portland cement concrete, Road construction, Road material production",
author = "Philip White and Golden, {Jay S.} and Biligiri, {Krishna P.} and Kamil Kaloush",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.12.007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "776--782",
journal = "Resources, Conservation and Recycling",
issn = "0921-3449",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling climate change impacts of pavement production and construction

AU - White, Philip

AU - Golden, Jay S.

AU - Biligiri, Krishna P.

AU - Kaloush, Kamil

PY - 2010/9

Y1 - 2010/9

N2 - The 21st century is the century of urbanization. Along with rapid urbanization, the century is observing the biggest increase in the world's population in human history. As of 2006, the world human population reached 6.5 billion. Rapid global urbanization and explosive overall population increases generate high demand for new road networks. Paved surfaces can comprise up to 45% of land cover in urban regions of the United States and are designed with energy intensive products comprised of either Portland cement or petroleum-based asphalt (bitumen). Both of these products contribute to green house gas emissions and climate change at both the urban and global scales. This paper presents a process for road designers and transportation officials to model the impact of road material production and road construction of different pavement types on climate change (global warming) potentials. The process presented employs variables that can be modified by the designer to customize for their specific road configuration and materials type. Overall, the methodology allows engineers and planners to examine the direct CO2 emissions related to pavement production and construction. By adjusting the model parameters, users can optimize a pavement design based on local resources, climatic conditions, traffic volumes, and energy needs.

AB - The 21st century is the century of urbanization. Along with rapid urbanization, the century is observing the biggest increase in the world's population in human history. As of 2006, the world human population reached 6.5 billion. Rapid global urbanization and explosive overall population increases generate high demand for new road networks. Paved surfaces can comprise up to 45% of land cover in urban regions of the United States and are designed with energy intensive products comprised of either Portland cement or petroleum-based asphalt (bitumen). Both of these products contribute to green house gas emissions and climate change at both the urban and global scales. This paper presents a process for road designers and transportation officials to model the impact of road material production and road construction of different pavement types on climate change (global warming) potentials. The process presented employs variables that can be modified by the designer to customize for their specific road configuration and materials type. Overall, the methodology allows engineers and planners to examine the direct CO2 emissions related to pavement production and construction. By adjusting the model parameters, users can optimize a pavement design based on local resources, climatic conditions, traffic volumes, and energy needs.

KW - Asphalt (bitumen)

KW - Asphalt rubber

KW - Climate change

KW - CO emissions

KW - Fly ash

KW - Portland cement concrete

KW - Road construction

KW - Road material production

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954318730&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954318730&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.12.007

DO - 10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.12.007

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77954318730

VL - 54

SP - 776

EP - 782

JO - Resources, Conservation and Recycling

JF - Resources, Conservation and Recycling

SN - 0921-3449

IS - 11

ER -