We survey research on hazardous materials transportation in the areas of risk analysis, routing/scheduling and facility location. Our focus is primarily on work done since 1980, and on research which is methodological rather than empirical. We also limit our focus to transport by land-based vehicles (truck and rail), excluding pipeline, air and maritime movements. The review traces the evolution of models from single-criterion optimizations to multiobjective analyses, and highlights the emerging direction of dealing explicitly with distributions of outcomes, rather than simply optimizing expected values. We also indicate examples of work which integrate risk analysis with routing and routing with facility location. We conclude with a discussion of several aspects of hazardous materials transportation which offer important challenges for further research.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering