Model Personalization in Behavioral Interventions using Model-on-Demand Estimation and Discrete Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation

Rachael T. Kha, Daniel E. Rivera, Predrag Klasnja, Eric Chambers Hekler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents the use of discrete Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (DSPSA) to optimize dynamical models meaningful for personalized interventions in behavioral medicine, with emphasis on physical activity. DSPSA is used to determine an optimal set of model features and parameter values which would otherwise be chosen either through exhaustive search or be specified a priori. The modeling technique examined in this study is Model-on-Demand (MoD) estimation, which synergistically manages local and global modeling, and represents an appealing alternative to traditional approaches such as ARX estimation. The combination of DSPSA and MoD in behavioral medicine can provide individualized models for participant-specific interventions. MoD estimation, enhanced with a DSPSA search, can be formulated to provide not only better explanatory information about a participant's physical behavior but also predictive power, providing greater insight into environmental and mental states that may be most conducive for participants to benefit from the actions of the intervention. A case study from data collected from a representative participant of the Just Walk intervention is presented in support of these conclusions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages671-676
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665451963
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2022Jun 10 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
Volume2022-June
ISSN (Print)0743-1619

Conference

Conference2022 American Control Conference, ACC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period6/8/226/10/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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