In recent years, statistical process control for autocorrelated processes has received a great deal of attention. This is due in part to the improvements in measurement and data collection that allow processes to be sampled at higher frequency rates and, hence, data autocorrelation. A method for monitoring autocorrelated processes based on regression adjustment is presented in this paper. The performance of the residual-based control chart in terms of the average run length is compared to observation-based control charts via Monte Carlo simulations. In general, the observation-based control charts perform very poorly when data are correlated over time. Under the assumption that the model is correct, the residual-based control charts are superior for all cases considered here. This suggests using a residual-based control chart to detect the mean shift. This is recommended particularly for chemical processes where there are often cascade processes with several inputs but only a few outputs, and where many of the variables are highly autocorrelated.
- Autocorrelated processes
- Cascade processes
- Model-based control chart
- Residual-based control chart
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Management Science and Operations Research