Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection

Michelene Chi, Agnieszka Kosminska Kristensen, Rod Roscoe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Learning new concepts and ideas typically requires that the learners activate and bring to bear some prior knowledge for interpreting and assimilating the new ideas. This prior knowledge can be conceived of as some coherent body of relevant knowledge that can be referred to as a schema. Once the new ideas and concepts are assimilated within an existing schema, then the schema can be used to generate new inferences, expectations and explanations. Learning failures and misunderstanding occur, typically, either when the cues in the new materials activate no relevant prior schema, or when the cues activate incomplete and under-developed prior schema. Misconceptions, so prevalent for science concepts, are a special type of learning failures. It is a unique case in which an inappropriate schema is activated for assimilation and generation. This chapter provides a theoretical account for this particular type of learning failures, using natural selection as an example. Some preliminary findings from a pilot study are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEvolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199949557, 9780199730421
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2012

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Genetic Selection
Learning
Cues

Keywords

  • Learning failures
  • Misconceptions
  • Natural selection
  • Schema
  • Science learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Chi, M., Kristensen, A. K., & Roscoe, R. (2012). Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection. In Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0007

Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection. / Chi, Michelene; Kristensen, Agnieszka Kosminska; Roscoe, Rod.

Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Chi, M, Kristensen, AK & Roscoe, R 2012, Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection. in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0007
Chi M, Kristensen AK, Roscoe R. Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection. In Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution. Oxford University Press. 2012 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0007
Chi, Michelene ; Kristensen, Agnieszka Kosminska ; Roscoe, Rod. / Misunderstanding Emergent Causal Mechanism in Natural Selection. Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution. Oxford University Press, 2012.
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