Mirna‐based regulation of alternative rna splicing in metazoans

Anna L. Schorr, Marco Mangone

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Alternative RNA splicing is an important regulatory process used by genes to increase their diversity. This process is mainly executed by specific classes of RNA binding proteins that act in a dosage‐dependent manner to include or exclude selected exons in the final transcripts. While these processes are tightly regulated in cells and tissues, little is known on how the dosage of these factors is achieved and maintained. Several recent studies have suggested that alternative RNA splicing may be in part modulated by microRNAs (miRNAs), which are short, non‐coding RNAs (~22 nt in length) that inhibit translation of specific mRNA transcripts. As evidenced in tissues and in diseases, such as cancer and neurological disorders, the dysregulation of miRNA pathways disrupts downstream alternative RNA splicing events by altering the dosage of splicing factors involved in RNA splicing. This attractive model suggests that miRNAs can not only influence the dosage of gene expression at the post‐transcriptional level but also indirectly interfere in pre‐mRNA splicing at the co‐transcriptional level. The purpose of this review is to compile and analyze recent studies on miRNAs modulating alternative RNA splicing factors, and how these events contribute to transcript rearrangements in tissue development and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11618
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • C. elegans
  • Cancer
  • CELF
  • HnRNPs
  • MicroRNA
  • PTBP1
  • PTBP2
  • Quaking
  • RBFOX
  • SR proteins
  • Tissue differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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