Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover

Philip Christensen, M. B. Wyatt, T. D. Glotch, A. D. Rogers, S. Anwar, R. E. Arvidson, J. L. Bandfield, D. L. Blaney, C. Budney, W. M. Calvin, A. Fallacaro, R. L. Fergason, N. Gorelick, T. G. Graff, V. E. Hamilton, A. G. Hayes, J. R. Johnson, A. T. Knudson, H. Y. McSween, G. L. MehallL. K. Mehall, J. E. Moersch, R. V. Morris, M. D. Smith, S. W. Squyres, Steven Ruff, M. J. Wolff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

261 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum. Coarse crystalline hematite and olivine-rich basaltic sands were observed as predicted from orbital TES spectroscopy. Outcrops of aqueous origin are composed of 15 to 35% by volume magnesium and calcium sulfates [a high-silica component modeled as a combination of glass, feldspar, and sheet silicates (∼20 to 30%)], and hematite; only minor jarosite is identified in Mini-TES spectra. Mini-TES spectra show only a hematite signature in the millimeter-sized spherules. Basaltic materials have more plagioclase than pyroxene, contain olivine, and are similar in inferred mineral composition to basalt mapped from orbit. Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites. Bright wind streak material matches global dust. Waterlain rocks covered by unaltered basaltic sands suggest a change from an aqueous environment to one dominated by physical weathering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1733-1739
Number of pages7
JournalScience
Volume306
Issue number5702
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2004

Fingerprint

Temazepam
Minerals
Hot Temperature
Meteoroids
Calcium Sulfate
Silicates
Magnesium Sulfate
Orbit
Dust
Silicon Dioxide
Glass
Spectrum Analysis
Soil
ferric oxide
olivine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Christensen, P., Wyatt, M. B., Glotch, T. D., Rogers, A. D., Anwar, S., Arvidson, R. E., ... Wolff, M. J. (2004). Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover. Science, 306(5702), 1733-1739. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1104909

Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover. / Christensen, Philip; Wyatt, M. B.; Glotch, T. D.; Rogers, A. D.; Anwar, S.; Arvidson, R. E.; Bandfield, J. L.; Blaney, D. L.; Budney, C.; Calvin, W. M.; Fallacaro, A.; Fergason, R. L.; Gorelick, N.; Graff, T. G.; Hamilton, V. E.; Hayes, A. G.; Johnson, J. R.; Knudson, A. T.; McSween, H. Y.; Mehall, G. L.; Mehall, L. K.; Moersch, J. E.; Morris, R. V.; Smith, M. D.; Squyres, S. W.; Ruff, Steven; Wolff, M. J.

In: Science, Vol. 306, No. 5702, 03.12.2004, p. 1733-1739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christensen, P, Wyatt, MB, Glotch, TD, Rogers, AD, Anwar, S, Arvidson, RE, Bandfield, JL, Blaney, DL, Budney, C, Calvin, WM, Fallacaro, A, Fergason, RL, Gorelick, N, Graff, TG, Hamilton, VE, Hayes, AG, Johnson, JR, Knudson, AT, McSween, HY, Mehall, GL, Mehall, LK, Moersch, JE, Morris, RV, Smith, MD, Squyres, SW, Ruff, S & Wolff, MJ 2004, 'Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover', Science, vol. 306, no. 5702, pp. 1733-1739. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1104909
Christensen P, Wyatt MB, Glotch TD, Rogers AD, Anwar S, Arvidson RE et al. Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover. Science. 2004 Dec 3;306(5702):1733-1739. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1104909
Christensen, Philip ; Wyatt, M. B. ; Glotch, T. D. ; Rogers, A. D. ; Anwar, S. ; Arvidson, R. E. ; Bandfield, J. L. ; Blaney, D. L. ; Budney, C. ; Calvin, W. M. ; Fallacaro, A. ; Fergason, R. L. ; Gorelick, N. ; Graff, T. G. ; Hamilton, V. E. ; Hayes, A. G. ; Johnson, J. R. ; Knudson, A. T. ; McSween, H. Y. ; Mehall, G. L. ; Mehall, L. K. ; Moersch, J. E. ; Morris, R. V. ; Smith, M. D. ; Squyres, S. W. ; Ruff, Steven ; Wolff, M. J. / Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover. In: Science. 2004 ; Vol. 306, No. 5702. pp. 1733-1739.
@article{7ca081c371ca482789f332deb6254f45,
title = "Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover",
abstract = "The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum. Coarse crystalline hematite and olivine-rich basaltic sands were observed as predicted from orbital TES spectroscopy. Outcrops of aqueous origin are composed of 15 to 35{\%} by volume magnesium and calcium sulfates [a high-silica component modeled as a combination of glass, feldspar, and sheet silicates (∼20 to 30{\%})], and hematite; only minor jarosite is identified in Mini-TES spectra. Mini-TES spectra show only a hematite signature in the millimeter-sized spherules. Basaltic materials have more plagioclase than pyroxene, contain olivine, and are similar in inferred mineral composition to basalt mapped from orbit. Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites. Bright wind streak material matches global dust. Waterlain rocks covered by unaltered basaltic sands suggest a change from an aqueous environment to one dominated by physical weathering.",
author = "Philip Christensen and Wyatt, {M. B.} and Glotch, {T. D.} and Rogers, {A. D.} and S. Anwar and Arvidson, {R. E.} and Bandfield, {J. L.} and Blaney, {D. L.} and C. Budney and Calvin, {W. M.} and A. Fallacaro and Fergason, {R. L.} and N. Gorelick and Graff, {T. G.} and Hamilton, {V. E.} and Hayes, {A. G.} and Johnson, {J. R.} and Knudson, {A. T.} and McSween, {H. Y.} and Mehall, {G. L.} and Mehall, {L. K.} and Moersch, {J. E.} and Morris, {R. V.} and Smith, {M. D.} and Squyres, {S. W.} and Steven Ruff and Wolff, {M. J.}",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1126/science.1104909",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "306",
pages = "1733--1739",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5702",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES experiment on the opportunity rover

AU - Christensen, Philip

AU - Wyatt, M. B.

AU - Glotch, T. D.

AU - Rogers, A. D.

AU - Anwar, S.

AU - Arvidson, R. E.

AU - Bandfield, J. L.

AU - Blaney, D. L.

AU - Budney, C.

AU - Calvin, W. M.

AU - Fallacaro, A.

AU - Fergason, R. L.

AU - Gorelick, N.

AU - Graff, T. G.

AU - Hamilton, V. E.

AU - Hayes, A. G.

AU - Johnson, J. R.

AU - Knudson, A. T.

AU - McSween, H. Y.

AU - Mehall, G. L.

AU - Mehall, L. K.

AU - Moersch, J. E.

AU - Morris, R. V.

AU - Smith, M. D.

AU - Squyres, S. W.

AU - Ruff, Steven

AU - Wolff, M. J.

PY - 2004/12/3

Y1 - 2004/12/3

N2 - The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum. Coarse crystalline hematite and olivine-rich basaltic sands were observed as predicted from orbital TES spectroscopy. Outcrops of aqueous origin are composed of 15 to 35% by volume magnesium and calcium sulfates [a high-silica component modeled as a combination of glass, feldspar, and sheet silicates (∼20 to 30%)], and hematite; only minor jarosite is identified in Mini-TES spectra. Mini-TES spectra show only a hematite signature in the millimeter-sized spherules. Basaltic materials have more plagioclase than pyroxene, contain olivine, and are similar in inferred mineral composition to basalt mapped from orbit. Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites. Bright wind streak material matches global dust. Waterlain rocks covered by unaltered basaltic sands suggest a change from an aqueous environment to one dominated by physical weathering.

AB - The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES) on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum. Coarse crystalline hematite and olivine-rich basaltic sands were observed as predicted from orbital TES spectroscopy. Outcrops of aqueous origin are composed of 15 to 35% by volume magnesium and calcium sulfates [a high-silica component modeled as a combination of glass, feldspar, and sheet silicates (∼20 to 30%)], and hematite; only minor jarosite is identified in Mini-TES spectra. Mini-TES spectra show only a hematite signature in the millimeter-sized spherules. Basaltic materials have more plagioclase than pyroxene, contain olivine, and are similar in inferred mineral composition to basalt mapped from orbit. Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites. Bright wind streak material matches global dust. Waterlain rocks covered by unaltered basaltic sands suggest a change from an aqueous environment to one dominated by physical weathering.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=10044224480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=10044224480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1104909

DO - 10.1126/science.1104909

M3 - Article

C2 - 15576609

AN - SCOPUS:10044224480

VL - 306

SP - 1733

EP - 1739

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5702

ER -