Mimicking the role of the antenna in photosynthetic photoprotection

Yuichi Terazono, Gerdenis Kodis, Kul Bhushan, Julia Zaks, Christopher Madden, Ana Moore, Thomas Moore, Graham R. Fleming, Devens Gust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One mechanism used by plants to protect against damage from excess sunlight is called nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ). Triggered by low pH in the thylakoid lumen, NPQ leads to conversion of excess excitation energy in the antenna system to heat before it can initiate production of harmful chemical species by photosynthetic reaction centers. Here we report a synthetic hexad molecule that functionally mimics the role of the antenna in NPQ. When the hexad is dissolved in an organic solvent, five zinc porphyrin antenna moieties absorb light, exchange excitation energy, and ultimately decay by normal photophysical processes. Their excited-state lifetimes are long enough to permit harvesting of the excitation energy for photoinduced charge separation or other work. However, when acid is added, a pH-sensitive dye moiety is converted to a form that rapidly quenches the first excited singlet states of all five porphyrins, converting the excitation energy to heat and rendering the porphyrins kinetically incompetent to readily perform useful photochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2916-2922
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume133
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2011

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Excitation energy
Porphyrins
Hot Temperature
Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins
Antennas
Photochemistry
Quenching
Thylakoids
Sunlight
Excited states
Coloring Agents
Light
Acids
Photochemical reactions
Organic solvents
Zinc
Dyes
Molecules
zinc hematoporphyrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Catalysis
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Mimicking the role of the antenna in photosynthetic photoprotection. / Terazono, Yuichi; Kodis, Gerdenis; Bhushan, Kul; Zaks, Julia; Madden, Christopher; Moore, Ana; Moore, Thomas; Fleming, Graham R.; Gust, Devens.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, No. 9, 09.03.2011, p. 2916-2922.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Terazono, Yuichi ; Kodis, Gerdenis ; Bhushan, Kul ; Zaks, Julia ; Madden, Christopher ; Moore, Ana ; Moore, Thomas ; Fleming, Graham R. ; Gust, Devens. / Mimicking the role of the antenna in photosynthetic photoprotection. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2011 ; Vol. 133, No. 9. pp. 2916-2922.
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