Military and civilian undergraduates: Attitudes toward women, masculinity, and authoritarianism

Sharon Kurpius, A. Leigh Lucart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of civilian and military college environments and undergraduates' sex on gender role attitudes and authoritarianism was investigated. Three hundred thirteen male and 69 female, primarily white middle-class students at the United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and a civilian university participated. Approximately 7% were Hispanic, 6% African-American, and 5% Asian-American. Military students had the most traditional authoritarian beliefs and gender role attitudes. When men only were analyzed, USNA males were the most traditional in their attitudes toward women and in antifemininity attitudes. ROTC men were the most traditional in authoritarianism and in status beliefs. All military-affiliated men held more traditional toughness attitudes than did civilian men. USNA men had the most traditional attitudes toward women as compared to the USNA females and civilian females and males.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalSex Roles
Volume43
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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