Microstructure and dielectric properties of Ba(Cd1/3Ta2/3)O3 microwave ceramics synthesized with a boron oxide sintering aid

Shaojun Liu, Jian Sun, Richard Taylor, David Smith, Nathan Newman

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10 Scopus citations


The use of boron as a sintering aid reduces the sintering temperature, enhances the sintering density, and improves the microwave properties of Ba(Cd1/3Ta2/3)O3 ceramic dielectrics. Observations by transmission electron microscopy indicate that the liquid sintering mechanism contributes to the improvement in sintering density for boron concentrations exceeding 0.5 wt%. The introduction of as small as 0.01% boron also results in the production of high-density samples (∼95%), presumably indicating that a point defect mechanism may also play an important role in the sintering process. X-ray diffraction data combined with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images show that boron-doped Ba(Cd1/3Ta2/3)O3 ceramic material has a well-ordered hexagonal structure. Annealing treatment is found to improve the microwave properties. The best sample has a dielectric constant of 32, a temperature coefficient of resonant frequency of 80 ± 15 ppm/° C, and a quality factor of >25,000 at 2 GHz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3526-3533
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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