Microstructural characterization of Co/Cu multilayers

A. R. Modak, S. S P Parkin, David Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


A series of dc magnetron-sputtered Co/Cu superlattices, with Co magnetic layers of ≈ 10 Å thickness and Cu spacer layer thicknesses in the range 10-400 Å, has been characterized by high-resolution electron microscopy. The multilayer structure was found to be polycrystalline with individual columnar grains spanning several bilayers. The grain size increased for Cu spacer layers of greater thickness, with a grain size of at least 3-4 bilayer periods being typical for multilayers with the thickest Cu layers (100-400 Å). In terms of the giant magnetoresistance (GMRC) exhibited by these metallic superlattices, these observations mean that conduction electron scattering at grain boundaries can, to a first approximation, be ignored in models for GMR dependence on Cu layer thickness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - Jan 2 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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