Microscopic modeling of high field transport in wide bandgap materials

Stephen Goodnick, Manfred Dur, Ronald Redmer, Martin Reigrotzki, Niels Fitzer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

High field transport in wide bandgap materials such as ZnS and SrS is of current importance for thin film electroluminescent (TFEL) devices currently used in flat panel display applications. Typically, carriers injected into the phosphor layer of such structures undergo acceleration in fields ranging from 1-2 MV/cm, with average carrier energies of 1-2 eV, and therefore high field transport is critical to the device operation. A major problem in the understanding of transport in such wide bandgap materials is the relative lack of experimental data for the electron-phonon coupling constants and impact ionization coefficients, particularly under high electric fields, where details of the full bandstructure are important. Hence, first-principles modeling of the electronic and transport properties is required for assessing the technological potential of these materials. In the present work, a review is given on the electronic and transport properties of three wide bandgap materials, ZnS, SrS, and GaN, simulated using full-band ensemble Monte Carlo (EMC) simulation. The impact ionization rates for both electrons and holes were derived directly from bandstructure calculated using the empirical pseudopotential method (EPM). To avoid arbitrary fitting parameters for the electron-phonon coupling, a microscopic rigid-ion model (RIM) calculation is performed of the electron-phonon scattering rate directly from the EPM bandstructure, and a valence-shell model for the lattice dynamics. The momentum averaged scattering rate is input directly into the full-band EMC simulation. Results for the high field distribution functions for all three materials are calculated and compared. Further, the process of impact excitation of luminescent centers by hot carriers is included, and compared to experimental photo-induced-luminescence (PIL) versus field data, where good agreement is obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSociety of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Pages217-224
Number of pages8
Volume3940
StatePublished - 2000
EventUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors IV - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: Jan 27 2000Jan 28 2000

Other

OtherUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors IV
CitySan Jose, CA, USA
Period1/27/001/28/00

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Goodnick, S., Dur, M., Redmer, R., Reigrotzki, M., & Fitzer, N. (2000). Microscopic modeling of high field transport in wide bandgap materials. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 3940, pp. 217-224). Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.