Micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cells running methane, propane and butane: On soot, efficiency and power density

Ryan J. Milcarek, Jeongmin Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-stage combustor with 1st-stage premixed fuel-rich combustion, integrated micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) and 2nd-stage, fuel-lean combustion is described. The current state of research in direct flame fuel cells (DFFCs) is assessed and the dilemma of obtaining high power density, high electrical efficiency and no soot is discussed. A method for deriving the maximum theoretical electrical efficiency from a FFC based system is developed. A method for comparing methane, propane and butane in the two-stage combustor with integrated FFC is developed. Methane, propane and butane are tested at different equivalence ratios and flow rates to assess the power density and electrical efficiency. High power density (>300 mW cm−2) and high electrical efficiency (>1.2%) are achieved for equivalence ratios below 1.6. Methane is found to achieve higher power density and electrical efficiency at lower equivalence ratios compared to propane and butane. Soot formation is avoided by operating below the critical sooting limit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-782
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy
Volume169
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

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Butane
Soot
Propane
Fuel cells
Methane
Combustors
Flow rate

Keywords

  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Syngas
  • Two-stage combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cells running methane, propane and butane : On soot, efficiency and power density. / Milcarek, Ryan J.; Ahn, Jeongmin.

In: Energy, Vol. 169, 15.02.2019, p. 776-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - A two-stage combustor with 1st-stage premixed fuel-rich combustion, integrated micro-tubular flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) and 2nd-stage, fuel-lean combustion is described. The current state of research in direct flame fuel cells (DFFCs) is assessed and the dilemma of obtaining high power density, high electrical efficiency and no soot is discussed. A method for deriving the maximum theoretical electrical efficiency from a FFC based system is developed. A method for comparing methane, propane and butane in the two-stage combustor with integrated FFC is developed. Methane, propane and butane are tested at different equivalence ratios and flow rates to assess the power density and electrical efficiency. High power density (>300 mW cm−2) and high electrical efficiency (>1.2%) are achieved for equivalence ratios below 1.6. Methane is found to achieve higher power density and electrical efficiency at lower equivalence ratios compared to propane and butane. Soot formation is avoided by operating below the critical sooting limit.

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