Three cases of metronidazole-induced acute pancreatitis have been reported recently in three women who were being treated for nonspecific vaginitis. We report the fourth such case in a 63-year-old woman with long-standing Crohn's disease who developed acute pancreatitis that was temporally associated with the initiation of metronidazole therapy for a rectovaginal fistula. No other risk factors for pancreatitis were identified except for possibly Crohn's disease itself. We review the literature with regard to metronidazole-induced acute pancreatitis and suggest a possible mechanism. Metronidazole should be considered as a possible cause of acute pancreatitis, and its use should be discontinued if no other risk factor is found.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)