Method to Produce Pyrite Semiconductor Materials

Nathan Newman (Inventor)

Research output: Patent

Abstract

Although the cost of solar cells has dropped significantly in recent years, the largest barrier to the development of terawatt-sized, utility scale solar projects is cost. Many utility scale solar projects have been built from solar modules that utilize cadmium telluride, thin film materials. These modules are popular because they cost less than silicon products, but they degrade much faster. Cadmium telluride is a rare earth metal in limited supply. Currently, almost all of the material that is mined each year is used in manufacturing, limiting growth in the quantity of solar cells produced. Additionally, this material is toxic, and its use poses potential environmental hazards. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a method to produce pyrite semiconductor materials. Pyrite is an abundant element that is inexpensive to mine and easily purified. Use of this process and material pose no environmental hazards. The technique can produce high quality semiconductor film at relatively low temperatures; between 300 to 400C. Pyrite is an excellent material for large area semiconductor application (including Photovoltaic) because it has a desirable 0.95 eV band gap and has a high absorption coefficient. Potential Applications Solar cells Light emitting diodes Semiconductors Benefits and Advantages Lower Costs Basic earth element that is easy to find, mine, and purify Larger Projects Lower cost will speed adoption of terawatt, utility scale solar Non-toxic Poses no environmental hazards Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Nathan Newman's directory webpage Dr. Peter Buseck's directory webpage
Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Apr 29 2013

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Pyrites
Semiconductor materials
Cadmium telluride
Hazards
Solar cells
Costs
Toxic materials
Rare earths
Light emitting diodes
Energy gap
Earth (planet)
Thin films
Silicon
Metals
Temperature

Cite this

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title = "Method to Produce Pyrite Semiconductor Materials",
abstract = "Although the cost of solar cells has dropped significantly in recent years, the largest barrier to the development of terawatt-sized, utility scale solar projects is cost. Many utility scale solar projects have been built from solar modules that utilize cadmium telluride, thin film materials. These modules are popular because they cost less than silicon products, but they degrade much faster. Cadmium telluride is a rare earth metal in limited supply. Currently, almost all of the material that is mined each year is used in manufacturing, limiting growth in the quantity of solar cells produced. Additionally, this material is toxic, and its use poses potential environmental hazards. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a method to produce pyrite semiconductor materials. Pyrite is an abundant element that is inexpensive to mine and easily purified. Use of this process and material pose no environmental hazards. The technique can produce high quality semiconductor film at relatively low temperatures; between 300 to 400C. Pyrite is an excellent material for large area semiconductor application (including Photovoltaic) because it has a desirable 0.95 eV band gap and has a high absorption coefficient. Potential Applications Solar cells Light emitting diodes Semiconductors Benefits and Advantages Lower Costs Basic earth element that is easy to find, mine, and purify Larger Projects Lower cost will speed adoption of terawatt, utility scale solar Non-toxic Poses no environmental hazards Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Nathan Newman's directory webpage Dr. Peter Buseck's directory webpage",
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T1 - Method to Produce Pyrite Semiconductor Materials

AU - Newman, Nathan

PY - 2013/4/29

Y1 - 2013/4/29

N2 - Although the cost of solar cells has dropped significantly in recent years, the largest barrier to the development of terawatt-sized, utility scale solar projects is cost. Many utility scale solar projects have been built from solar modules that utilize cadmium telluride, thin film materials. These modules are popular because they cost less than silicon products, but they degrade much faster. Cadmium telluride is a rare earth metal in limited supply. Currently, almost all of the material that is mined each year is used in manufacturing, limiting growth in the quantity of solar cells produced. Additionally, this material is toxic, and its use poses potential environmental hazards. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a method to produce pyrite semiconductor materials. Pyrite is an abundant element that is inexpensive to mine and easily purified. Use of this process and material pose no environmental hazards. The technique can produce high quality semiconductor film at relatively low temperatures; between 300 to 400C. Pyrite is an excellent material for large area semiconductor application (including Photovoltaic) because it has a desirable 0.95 eV band gap and has a high absorption coefficient. Potential Applications Solar cells Light emitting diodes Semiconductors Benefits and Advantages Lower Costs Basic earth element that is easy to find, mine, and purify Larger Projects Lower cost will speed adoption of terawatt, utility scale solar Non-toxic Poses no environmental hazards Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Nathan Newman's directory webpage Dr. Peter Buseck's directory webpage

AB - Although the cost of solar cells has dropped significantly in recent years, the largest barrier to the development of terawatt-sized, utility scale solar projects is cost. Many utility scale solar projects have been built from solar modules that utilize cadmium telluride, thin film materials. These modules are popular because they cost less than silicon products, but they degrade much faster. Cadmium telluride is a rare earth metal in limited supply. Currently, almost all of the material that is mined each year is used in manufacturing, limiting growth in the quantity of solar cells produced. Additionally, this material is toxic, and its use poses potential environmental hazards. Researchers at Arizona State University have developed a method to produce pyrite semiconductor materials. Pyrite is an abundant element that is inexpensive to mine and easily purified. Use of this process and material pose no environmental hazards. The technique can produce high quality semiconductor film at relatively low temperatures; between 300 to 400C. Pyrite is an excellent material for large area semiconductor application (including Photovoltaic) because it has a desirable 0.95 eV band gap and has a high absorption coefficient. Potential Applications Solar cells Light emitting diodes Semiconductors Benefits and Advantages Lower Costs Basic earth element that is easy to find, mine, and purify Larger Projects Lower cost will speed adoption of terawatt, utility scale solar Non-toxic Poses no environmental hazards Download Original PDF For more information about the inventor(s) and their research, please see Dr. Nathan Newman's directory webpage Dr. Peter Buseck's directory webpage

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