Meritocracies or Masculinities? The Differential Allocation of Named Professorships by Gender in the Academy

Len J. Treviño, Luis Gomez-Mejia, David B. Balkin, Franklin G. Mixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


This study analyzes differential appointments by gender to the rank of named professorship based on a sample of 511 management professors. This sample represents approximately 90% of our original survey sample of faculty at Tier 1 American research universities, with 10 or more years of experience since receiving their PhD, and whose contact information we could obtain online. Contrary to the tenets of the meritocratic evaluation model, we find that, after controlling for research performance and other factors, women are less likely to be awarded named professorships, particularly when the endowed chair is awarded to an internal candidate. Furthermore, we find that women derive lower returns from their scholarly achievements when it comes to appointments to endowed chairs. Our study suggests that a masculine-gendered environment dominates management departments, leading to shifting standards when it comes to the highest senior appointments in academe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)972-1000
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes



  • academia
  • glass ceiling
  • masculinities
  • meritocracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management

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