Merit of ground-state electronegativities; A reply to Comments on Introduction to the chemistry of fractionally charged atoms: Electronegativity

Klaus S. Lackner, George Zweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


The arguments presented in the Comment by Liebman and Huheey are shown to be incorrect. The operational equivalence of Mulliken ground-state electronegativities and Pauling electronegativities is demonstrated for neutral atoms. It is shown that ground-state electronegativities and valence-state electronegativities for both neutral atoms and ions are also operationally equivalent. A single electronegativity scale based on Mulliken ground-state electronegativities may therefore be used for neutral atoms, ions, and fractionally charged atoms, as originally implied in the paper by Lackner and Zweig.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1562-1569
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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