Mental health, substance abuse, and health behavior intervention as part of the patient-centered medical home: A case study

Jessica Young, Jennifer Gilwee, Melissa Holman, Randall Messier, Mark Kelly, Rodger Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Currently integrating mental health, substance abuse, and health behavior into Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMH) is being advocated with increasing frequency. There are no current reports describing efforts to accomplish this. A theory-based project was developed to integrate mental health, substance abuse, and health behavior services into the fabric and culture of an NCQA-certified level-three PCMH using funding from the Vermont legislature. A mixed methods case report of data from the first 34 months reviews planning, development, implementation, care model, information technology (IT), and data collection, and reports results using the elements of a RE-AIM framework. Early accomplishment of most RE-AIM dimensions is observed. Implementation remains a struggle, specifically the questions of role responsibilities, form, and financing. This effort is a successful pilot implementation of the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model in the PCMH with the potential for dissemination toward additional implementation and a model for a comparative effectiveness trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-354
Number of pages10
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes



  • Behavioral
  • Care
  • Health
  • Integration
  • PCMH
  • Primary
  • RE-AIM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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